Sexing & Gender Determination of Crane Birds – A Video Guide on Visual Techniques to Differentiate between Male and Female Crane Birds

As such, identifying the sex or gender of these birds – a process known as sexing – is difficult, and often requires either close physical examination of the bird or the testing of the bird’s excrement or blood.
When observed visually and audibly, some differences between male and female cranes can be found.
Males are slightly larger than females, weighing up to 14 pounds. Females remain closer to 10 pounds.
The birds grow up to 5 feet in height measured from toe to the top of the head when they are standing on the ground. The male is generally a couple inches taller than the female.One method of sexing crane birds involves watching and listening to them during their unison call.
The cries made by two cranes just before flight, or to tell other pairs of cranes that the territory is occupied can be used to easily distinguish between the male and female of the species.
The male crane will point his head up to call out, while the female responds to male cries with two notes rather than one.
Female vocalizations are generally higher in pitch by males’ calls.
The female crane is just as aggressive as the male.
Cranes mate for life. They perform a ritualized dance not only during breeding season but year-round. The male begins the dance, which a female will take up. Both cranes bow, leap, flap their wings and toss grass or other items in the air with their beaks. The males will throw their heads backwards onto their bodies while females will toss theirs back at 45-degree angles.

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