Toucan – Breed, Types, Feed, Habitat, Price

  • Breed Name: Toucans
  • Scientific name: Ramphastidae
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Class: Aves
  • Family: Ramphastidae; Vigors, 1825
  • Mass:
    • Toco toucan: 620 g
    • Keel-billed toucan: 400 g
  • Body Size of Toucans: They vary in size from 7 inches to over two feet
  • Habitat & Distribution of Toucans:
    • Toucans are native to the Neotropics, from Mexico, Central America, South America to Argentina
    • They mostly live in the lowland tropics
    • Montane species from the genus Andigena is found up to the tree line
    • Rest of species of the toucans are forest species
  • Description of Toucans:
    • Toucans are brightly marked and have large, often-colorful bills
    • They are most closely related to the American barbets
    • Toucan’s feet have two toes each pointing forward and two backward
    • Their wings are too short to make them adequate fliers
  • Cost / Price of Toucan: Over $10,000
  • Colours of Toucan Bills: Colour of the bill may be black, blue, brown, green, red, white, yellow or a combination of many colours
  • Speech: They cannot speak, but they are playful and can learn few tricks
  • Feeding & Diet of Toucans:
    • In wild, toucans are primarily frugivorous (fruit eating), but sometimes are omnivorous (eat insects, smaller birds, and small lizards)
    • They also plunder nests of smaller birds, taking eggs and nestlings
    • In captivity, toucans do hunt insects actively in their cages, and it is possible to keep toucans on an insect-only diet
    • They also prefer animal food for feeding their chicks
    • Alternatively, try “Premium Feed for Toucans” by Nadia Pets Cross which not only fulfills all nutritional requirements, economical in price, prevent diseases as well as enhance the fertility and breeding rate in the parrot
  • Reproduction / Breeding of Toucans:
    • Male toucans use their bills to attract female mate during the breeding season
    • They bring a piece of food to the female with whom they wish to mate
    • Often, the pair will throw it back and forth between their bills as a mating ritual
    • Females lay between 2-4 eggs in nests made in holes in trees
  • Lower Classifications /Species of Toucans: The family of Toucans has five (5) genera (aracaris, green toucanets, mountain toucans, toucanets and typical toucans), and over forty (40) different species:
    • Toco Toucan, aka. common toucan, giant toucan or simply toucan, is the largest species in the toucan family, found mainly in semi-open habitats throughout central and eastern South America. It is a common attraction in zoos
    • Black-Billed Mountain Toucan is found in humid highland forests in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. It is the only mountain-toucan with a white throat
    • Black-Necked Aracari, is found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela
    • Black-Throated Toucanet is found in central Ecuador to western Bolivia
    • Blue-Banded Toucanet is found in Bolivia and Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It weighs 173–257 grams and is 38–43 cm long
    • Channel-Billed Toucan is found in Trinidad and in tropical South America as far south as Brazil and Bolivia
    • Chestnut-Tipped Toucanet is a South American species and habitat in humid highland forests along the east Andean slope from Colombia to Bolivia
    • Choco Toucan is found in humid lowland and foothill forests on the Pacific slope of Colombia and Ecuador
    • Citron-Throated Toucan (Ramphastos citreolaemus) is found in northern Colombia and NW Venezuela
    • Crimson-Rumped Toucanet is found in humid Andean forests in Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela. Its plumage is overall green, except for a maroon-red rump and tail-tip. The bill is black and maroon with a white band at the base
    • Curl-Crested Aracari, or curly-crested aracari is a species first described by Johann Georg Wagler in 1832
    • Emerald Toucanet or northern emerald toucanet (Aulacorhynchus prasinus) is found in mountainous regions of Mexico and Central America
    • Fiery-Billed Aracari or fiery-billed araçari breeds only on the Pacific slopes of southern Costa Rica and western Panama.
    • Green Toucanets are are native to Mexico, and Central and South America and habitat in humid forests and woodlands in highlands
    • Green-Billed Toucan, or red-breasted toucan, is found in Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina. Its habitat is in the Atlantic Forest
    • Golden-Collared Toucanet is found in the western Amazon rainforest in South America
    • Gould’s Toucanet is found in Amazon rainforest and in the Brazilian state of Ceará
    • Grey-Breasted Mountain Toucan is found in humid highland forest, often at the tops of the trees, in the Andes of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru
    • Groove-Billed Toucanet is found in mountains of Colombia and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical and upper tropical humid forest and woodland, occasionally also occurring in gardens
    • Guianan Toucanet, or Guyana toucanet is found in the NE. Amazon rainforest
    • Hooded Mountain Toucan is found in humid highland forests in the Andes from SE. Peru to central Bolivia
    • Ivory-Billed Aracari, or ivory-billed araçari, is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests
    • Keel-Billed Toucan, aka. sulfur-breasted toucan or rainbow-billed toucan, is a colorful toucan from Latin America. It is also the national bird of Belize
    • Lettered Aracari, is a species of bird in the toucan family
    • Many-Banded Aracari, or many-banded araçari, is found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests
    • Pale-Mandibled Aracari, or pale-mandibled araçari, is found in western Ecuador and Peru
    • Plate-Billed Mountain Toucan is found in Ecuador and Colombia, where it lives in the high-altitude humid montane forests of the Andes
    • Red-Necked Aracari, or red-necked araçari, is found in Bolivia and Brazil. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests
    • Saffron Toucanet is found in the Atlantic Forest in far north-eastern Argentina, south-eastern Brazil, and eastern Paraguay
    • Spot-Billed Toucanet is found in the Atlantic Forest of SE. Brazil, far eastern Paraguay, and far NE. Argentina
    • Stripe-Billed Aracari, is found in Colombia and Ecuador. They mostly eat fruits and wide variety of animal foods like small reptiles, amphibians, and mammal
    • Tawny-Tufted Toucanet (Selenidera nattereri) is found in the NW. Amazon Basin of Venezuela, Brazil, eastern Colombia and western Guyana. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is 35 cm (14 in) long and weighs 148–165 grams (5.2–5.9 oz)
    • Tepui Toucanet or Whitely’s toucanet is a South American species found in the humid forests of the tepuis and other highlands of the Guiana Shield
    • Wagler’s Toucanet is found in SW. Mexico. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowlands and montane forests. It is also resident in shrublands, wetlands, farmlands and gardens
    • White-Throated Toucan is found in South America throughout the Amazon Basin including the adjacent Tocantins and Araguaia River drainage. It prefers tropical humid forest, but also occurs in woodland and locally in riverine forest within cerrado
    • Yellow-Browed Toucanet is a rare species which is endemic to humid forests growing on the east Andean slope in northern Peru
    • Yellow-Eared Toucanet Cassin’s aracari is found in humid forests of Central America and the Chocó
    • Yellow-Throated Toucan is a large found in Central and northern South America

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