Pelican Bird Migration, Hunt & Breed in Pakistan

  • Breed Name: Pelicans
  • Class: Aves
  • Family: Pelecanidae; Rafinesque, 1815
  • Pelicans are a large sized water birds
  • They use their long beak and a large throat pouch for catching prey and draining water from the scooped-up contents before swallowing
  • Brown pelicans dive for food whereas white pelicans feed while in floating
  • Fossils record shows that Pelican bird is at least 30 million years old
  • Lifespan:
    • 15 – 25 years (In the wild)
    • Upto 54 years in captivity
  • Wingspan: 1.8 – 3.5 m (Large Adult)
  • Mass:
    • Brown pelican: 3.4 kg
    • Great white pelican: 9.3 kg
  • Distribution:
    • Pelicans are found on all continents except Antarctica
    • They inhabit warm regions mostly
    • Their breeding ranges extend to latitudes of 45° South (Australian pelicans in Tasmania) and 60° North (American white pelicans in western Canada
  • Feeding & Diet:
    • Apart from fish, they also eat or pray on crustaceans, amphibians, turtles, and other birds. If it can fit down their throats
  • Gender Identification: Pelican are dimorphic. Males are generally larger than females and have longer bills
  • Reproduction Facts:
    • Pelicans are gregarious and nest in colony
    • Pelican pairings are monogamous for a single season
    • Female lays at least two eggs and total clutch size can be up to six eggs
    • Incubation takes 30–36 days
  • Lower Classifications:
    • American White Pelican
    • Australian Pelican
    • Brown Pelican
    • Dalmatian Pelican
    • Great White Pelican
    • Peruvian pelican
    • Pink-backed pelican
    • Spot-billed pelican

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