Mule Breed & Stud Farm

  • Breed Name: Mule
  • Scientific name: Equus asinus × Equus caballus
  • Higher classification: Equus
  • Rank: Hybrid
  • Mass: 23 – 450 kg
  • Their height can range from 91-172 cm
  • Lifespan: 40 years
  • Mule is created as an offspring from a cross of a male donkey and a female horse
  • Horses and donkeys are different species with regards to the numbers of chromosomes
  • Of the two first generation, the mule is generated as an hybrid of the two species
  • The outcome size of a mule depend largely on the breeding of the mule’s female parent
  • They can be lightweight, medium weight or heavy weight (when produced from draft horse mares)
  • Mules are more patient, hardy and long-lived than horses
  • They are less obstinate and more intelligent than donkeys
  • Size varieties:
    • Minis: under 50 lb (23 kg)
    • Maxis: over 1,000 lb (454 kg)
  • Colour Varieties: Coats of mules come in the same varieties as those of horses:
    • Common colors varieties include Sorrel, Bay, Black, and grey
    • Less common varieties include white, roans, palomino, dun, and buckskin
    • Least common are paint mules or tobianos
  • Use of Mules: Mules primarily used for the transportation of military hardware in rugged and mountainous terrain where vehicular move is not possible
  • Distribution/ Producing Countries: Among the world nations, China stand at the top in producing the number of mules, followed by Mexico, Central America and South America
  • Fertility:
    • Different chromosome structure of mules (63) as opposed to the horse’s 64 and the donkey’s 62, usually prevents the chromosomes from pairing up properly and creating successful embryos, rendering most mules infertile
    • Mainly the mule is supposed to be an infertile breed with following exceptions:
      • No recorded cases of fertile mule stallions reported but few mare mules have produced offspring when mated with a purebred horse or donkey
    • Feed Requirements:
      • Mules require ess food than a horse of similar size
      • They can be fed on haylage, hay and straw like donkeys

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