Farming & Breeding of Fancy, Carrier & High Flying Pigeons

  • Breed Name: Pigeons
  • Scientific Name: Columba livia domestica
  • Class: Aves
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Higher classification: Rock dove
  • Lifespan: It varies from 3-5 years through to 15 years
  • Feeding & Diet:
    • In wild, pigeons eat a variety of grains, seeds, greens, berries, fruits, and will occasionally eat insects, snails and earthworms in the wild
    • They, mostly like to eat seeds and cereal grains, Cracked Corn, sunflower, wheat, barley, millet and peas
    • Around 50 percent of their diet should consist of a high-quality seed mix or pellet that’s formulated for pigeons. Pellets are best, as they’re well-balanced, but a pigeon seed mix will suffice if you can’t find specialized pigeon pellets
  • Reproduction Facts:
    • Pigeonsare monogamous and typically mate for life
    • Female pigeonscan reach sexual maturity as early as 7 months of age
    • Pigeons build a flimsy platform nest of straw and sticks, put on ledge, under cover, often located on the window ledges of buildings
    • Usually, a total of two eggs will incubate around 18 days after and the newborn baby pigeons will leave the nest on the 25th to 29th day upon hatching
    • Baby pigeons are called squeakers or squabs
  • Lower Classifications / Breeds: Famous are these:
    • Aachen Lacquer Shield Owl pigeon
    • African Owl: Originated in Tunisia, and were imported into England during the 19th century. The breed is known for its short beak, which gives the breed the “Owl” name due to the size and shape
    • American Show Racer Pigeon: It is a breed of domestic pigeon that began in the early 1950s with the finest Racing Homers
    • Australian Performing Tumbler
    • Australian Saddleback Tumbler
    • Birmingham Roller: It is a very popular breed of pigeon that originated in Birmingham, England, where they were developed via selective breeding, for their ability to do rapid backward somersaults while flying
    • Bohemian pigeon
    • Breslau Tumbler
    • Carneau: A type of utility pigeon, known for large size and suitability for squab production
    • Chinese Flying Pigeon
    • Chinese Owl Pigeon: The breed is known for its small size and profuse frilled feathers
    • Czech Steller Cropper
    • Danzig Highflyer
    • Dragoon Pigeon: The breed is used in the development of the Racing Homer
    • Dresden Trumpeter: Origin from Germany
    • English Carrier Pigeons. A type of carrier as well as fancy type of pigeons which originated in England
    • English Pouter
    • English Short-faced Tumbler: These are Tumblers, rollers and high flyers
    • English Trumpeters: This is one of the most popular breeds in the USA
    • Fantail Pigeon or Indian Fantail: It’s a popular breed of fancy pigeon, characterised by a fan-shaped tail composed of 30 to 40 feathers. Common pigeons have 12 to 14 feathers only. The breed is thought to have originated in Pakistan, India, China, Japan or Spain
    • Feldflüchter
    • French Mondain: Originally developed in France as a Utility pigeon
    • Gaditano Pouter
    • Giant Runt: The breed is known for its large size and suitability for squab production
    • Gier
    • Helmet Pigeon: The breed has medium face, short face, plain-head and crested varieties
    • Holle Cropper: This breed was developed in Holland
    • Homing Pigeon: These are messenger or carrier type of pigeons which are selectively bred for its ability to find its way home over extremely long distances
    • Nis Highflier: It is a breed of Fancy pigeon developed over many years of selective breeding
    • Old Dutch Tumbler
    • Old German Owl Pigeon: Its a breed of fancy pigeon, and the originator of the short faced German Shield Owls. It was the first breed in Germany to be called Mövchen due to its resemblance to the silver gull in color and markings
    • Parlor Roller: The breed is known for its unique performance of turning somersaults on the ground
    • Racing Homer: It is selectively bred for more speed and enhanced homing instinct for the sport of pigeon racing
    • Reverse Wing Pouter: The breed is known for its eye-catching markings
    • Romanian Naked-Neck Tumbler
    • Roshan Chirag: It is a homing pigeon breed from Deccan Hyderabad India. The name comes from roshan, meaning “enlightened”, and chirag, meaning “candle”
    • Schmalkalden Moorhead: It was developed at Schmalkalden, Thuringian town in Germany
    • Serbian Highflyer: It is bred for endurance flying and characterized by long circle flights up to 15 hours. It can fly as high as 1500 metres. There are about 20000 fanciers of this breed in Serbia
    • Shiraz Tumbler: It is a pigeon breed that originally came from Shiraz in south central Iran. Its nickname is Afghani Shirazi pigeon and it has also been called “lahouri” or “domgir”. The Shirazi is a “low flyer” breed of pigeon. This kind does not reach high altitude and at maximum is able to fly couple of hours
    • Silesian Colourhead
    • South German Shield: The whole bird is pure white except for the wing coverts which are colored
    • Szegedin Highflyer: The breed belongs to the Flying/Sporting pigeons group
    • Tippler: It is bred to participate in endurance competitions. Flying results of up to 22 hours have been reported
    • Turbit: The breed is known for its peaked crest, short beak and frill of feathers on its breast

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