Common Ringneck Pheasant Farming & Breeding Essentials

  • Breed Name: Ringneck Pheasant
  • Origin: China, Asia
  • Egg Laying Facts of Ringneck Hen
    • Capability: Best Egg Layer,50 – 120 Eggs per year
    • Laying Rate: 12-18 eggs in a clutch laid over 2-3 weeks time
    • Egg Colour: Pale Olive
    • Egg Size: Small
  • Brooding Capability of Ringneck Hen: Generally good but more and better results, the method of artificial incubation (through incubators) is always recommended and a proffered option
  • Suitability to Backyard Life:
  • Cold Hardiness:Hardy in winter
  • Heat Tolerance:Tolerates heat well
  • Confinement:Bears confinement well
  • Cannibalism:Yes
  • Ideal Environmental Conditions for Growth of Ringnecks: They grow well in cold environments
  • Lifespan (avg.): 3 years in wild and 11-18 years in captivity
  • Body Weight (Large Adult) of Ringneck Pheasant:
    • Male (Cock) – 1.2 KG
    • Female (Hen) – 0.9 KG (900 Grams)

Colour Varieties of Ringnecks: In male Ringneck pheasant, there are many colour forms ranging colour from nearly white to almost black in some melanistic breeds. These are due to captive breeding and hybridization between subspecies and with the green pheasant

Price of Ringnecks in International Market: As of 2019, its top quality range is $95 per breeding pair

Farming Guide of Ringneck Pheasant

  • The Ringneck males are territorial in nature and cannibalism is prevalent in this breed. Two male can seldom survive together. In such scenario, never keep males together. If not possible then try beak rings on them from very outset
  • Ring-necked Pheasants are able to stay on a roost for several days without eating if the weather is very bad
  • The breed is cold hardy so there is no need to cover their cages at night during winters even.
  • During winters, do empty their drinking utensils before evening to avoid any chance of catching cold by the bird
  • Deworming of birds with a dewormer like Albendazole is essential in a months period
  • ND Vaccination must always be administered every month. During the vaccination, avoid direct contact of vaccine mixed water with the sunlight. Choose either time of near dusk or dawn for the purpose.
  • Before the vaccine maintain a fasting period of 12 hours at least.
  • Keep a gap of at least a week between deworming and vaccination

Breeding Requirements of Ringneck Pheasant

  • Adolescence or Breeding Age. Ringneck Pheasants can start to lay at around 1years of age
  • Breeding Season. It is during late winters, Spring and early summers (From Dec to June). Pheasants born in the preceding year will begin producing eggs in the next year
  • Egg Collection & Transportation. Lift and carry the eggs from backyard to your incubators without any jerk. You may place the eggs over your palm for the purpose
  • Egg Incubation or Hatching Period – 22-27 Days
  • Incubation Temperature & Humidity
    • Keep thermostat at 99 Degrees Fahrenheit for initial 19 days
    • Keep thermostat at 97-98 Degrees Fahrenheit from day 19 till hatch
    • Keep newly borne chicks in the same temperature for next 48 hours
    • Keep humidity level at 50% for initial 19 days
    • Increase humidity level to 56% from day 19 till hatch
  • Rotation of Eggs in Incubator
    • Rotate the eggs for four times at least in a day  for initial 19 days
    • Do not rotate the eggs from day 19 till hatch
  • How to Increase fertility in Ringneck Pheasant (in case if you do not use Feed of Nadia Pets Cross), administer following once in a week, dilute it in water drinkers.
    • Vitamin E Supplement (e.g Alpha-Immune, Evion 400 or Liver Cod Oil)
    • Vitamin Mix (e.g Vitalsol Super)

Space Required for Ringneck Pheasant Farming. For farming purpose, a trio set of pheasants (1 male+ 2 females) usually is kept together in a cage. The cage must provide sufficient space for easy moves of all the three birds. Our recommended size for a trio set cage is 7 feet width, 6 feet length with 6-7 feet height. A total of 42 Square feet of land is required for a trio set.

Daily Feed Requirements of Pheasant

  • It’s important to know what to give them and what you shouldn’t give them in feed. Following are the food items that you should not feed the pheasants:
    • Avocado
    • Caffeine and Chocolates
    • Citrus fruits (Orange, Lemon etc)
    • Dried lentils or beans
    • Eggs in raw form
    • Potato Raw, green potato or potato peels
    • Rice Raw
    • Salt and saltish foods contents
    • Spoiled Mouldy foods must always be avoided
    • Suger Candies
    • Onion
  • Feed for Pheasant Chicks (Pullets)
    • From Day 1 to 6 Weeks of age, try “Premium Starter Feed for Pheasants” made through the secret Recipe of Nadia Pets Cross. It contains essential dietary requirements including 21% Proteins, 1.10% Ca, 0.40% Met, 1% Lys, 8%Fibre and other essential amino acids, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines, dewormers and much more. For initial two weeks feed the crushed form only
    • From age 6 week to 6 months, try “Premium Grower Feed for Pheasants” made through the secret Recipe of Nadia Pets Cross. It contains essential dietary requirements including 19% Proteins, 1.05% Ca, 0.35% Met, 0.75% Lys, 10%Fibre and other essential amino acids, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines, dewormers and much more
  • Feed for Adult Pheasants
    • During Non-Breeding Season (June to January). Try “Premium Regular Feed for Pheasants” made through the secret Recipe of Nadia Pets Cross. It contains essential dietary requirements including 24% Proteins, 1.05% Ca, 0.37% Met, 1.10% Lys, 5%Fibre and other essential amino acids, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines, dewormers and much more
    • For Laying Hens (in production & Breeding Season from February to May). Try “Premium Layer Feed for Pheasants” made through the secret Recipe of Nadia Pets Cross. It contains essential dietary requirements including 19% Proteins, 4.7% Ca, 0.40% Met, 0.70% Lys, 10%Fibre and other essential amino acids, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines, dewormers and much more
  • Can also try Try “Grain Feed Mix for Pheasants”. It is wholly Organic and made through the secret Recipe of Nadia Pets Cross. It is medicated & supplemented with all essential dietary requirements, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines, dewormers and much more.
  • Feed Consumption Per Day Per Head – A fully grown Pheasant will typically eat about 60 grams of feed a day. Have two feeders, one inside of their coop run and one outside of their run (if they are free ranging)
  • Feed Consumption Per Year Per Head – 22 kg

Care of Chicks (Pullets) in Brooding Period

  • For initial 12 hours after the birth let the newly borne chicks without any feed or drink
  • After 12 hours just feed the chicks the Glucose Mixed water through a Syringe
  • After birth for initial 48 hours keep the chicks in the same incubator on the same conditions of humidity and temperature
  • Apart from feeding the pullets the feed as suggested above, keep newly borne chicks of Pheasants in a brooder at 95 degrees Fahrenheit for initial 15 days

Health Issues of Pheasants (Diseases, Prevention & Treatment):

  • Aspergillosis
    • It is aka. brooder pneumonia. The disease is caused by a fungus( Aspergillus fumigates).
    • Symptoms: Infected chicks lose their appetites but have increased thirst, and they begin gasping or show convulsions.
    • Prevention. Keeping a clean brooder, including all bedding, water drinkers and dishes, as well as improving ventilation in the area will help minimize this disease
    • Treatment. Usually none. Add Copper sulphate to the water help reduce the spread of the organism and reduce clinical signs. Spraying with effective antifungal antiseptic may help reduce challenge
  • Avian Encephalomyelitis (Epidemic Tremors)
    • Avian encephalomyelitis (AE) is caused by an entero-virus belonging to the picorna-virus group. It is most often seen in very young birds
    • Symptoms: The symptoms of this disease include dull eyes, head and neck tremors, appetite loss and eventual paralysis.
    • Mode of Spread: It is spread through fecal contamination of food and water
    • Treatment. No cure is available and infected chicks will need to be killed and disposed of safely. A vaccine is available and can be effective to prevent the disease if it is administered properly
  • Avian Pox (aka.Fowl Pox):
    • Symptoms: White spots on skin; combs turn into scabby sores; white membrane and ulcers in mouth, on trachea; laying stops; all ages affected.
    • Mode of Spread: Viral disease; mosquitoes, other Pheasants with pox and contaminated surfaces.
    • Treatment: Supportive care, warm dry quarters, soft food; many birds with good care will survive.
    • Vaccine: It is available. Recovered birds are immune and do not carry the disease any further
  • Botulism:
    • Symptoms: Include remors quickly progressing to paralysis of body, including breathing; feathers pull out easily and death in a few hours.
    • Mode of Spread: Caused by a bacterial byproduct and by eating or drinking botulism-infected food or water
    • Treatment: Antitoxin available from vet but expensive. If found early try 1 teaspoon Epsom salts dissolved in 1 ounce warm water dripped into crop several times a day.
    • Vaccine: Not available. Ideally, locate and remove source, usually decaying carcass, meat near water, or insects that fed on the meat or the water the carcass is in.
  • Fowl or Avian Cholera:
    • Symptoms: Usually birds over 4 months — greenish yellow diarrhea; breathing difficulty; swollen joints; darkened head and wattles; often quick death. Does not infect humans.
    • Mode of Spread: Bacterial disease; wild birds, raccoons, opossums, rats, can carry. Also transmitted bird to bird and on contaminated soil, equipment, shoes, clothing contaminated water and food.
    • Treatment: Not available. Destroy all infected birds if recovery occurs the bird will be a carrier
    • Vaccine available: Yes
  • Infectious Bronchitis
    • Symptoms: Its symptoms are like of a cold-like illness such as gasping and other respiratory trouble, sneezing, watery eye or nasal discharge and loss of appetite.
    • Treatment: Raising the temperature in the brooder slightly (3-5 degrees) can help chicks better resist the infection, and offering a warm, moist mash will help them eat properly as they recover
  • Infectious Coryza:
    • Symptoms: Include Swollen heads, combs, and wattles; eyes swollen shut; sticky discharge from nose and eyes; moist area under wings; laying stops.
    • Mode of Spread: Being bacterial disease it transmits through carrier birds, contaminated surfaces, and drinking water
    • Treatment: Only prevention by destroying the sick birds as they remain carriers for life
    • Vaccine: Not available
  • Marek’s Disease. A type type of cancer that infects young Pheasants and chicks
    • Symptoms: Include lameness or paralysis as well as blindness or labored breathing.
    • Prevention. Improving ventilation in the coop and brooder can help prevent the disease, as can good cleanliness and the appropriate vaccination
  • Moniliasis (aka.Thrush):
    • Symptoms: Include white cheesy substance in crop; ruffled feathers; droopy looking; poor laying; white crusty vent area; inflamed vent area; increased appetite
    • Mode of Spread: Fungal disease; contracted through moldy feed and water and surfaces contaminated by infected birds. Often occurs after antibiotic treatment for other reasons.
    • Treatment: Yes. Ask a vet for Nystatin or other antifungal medication. Remove moldy feed and disinfect water containers.
    • Vaccine: Not available
  • Mycoplasmosis /CRD/Air Sac Disease:
    • Symptoms: include weakness and poor laying. Problems in breathing, coughing, sneezing, swollen infected joints, death
    • Mode of Spread: Mycoplasma disease; contracted through other birds (wild birds carry it); can transmit through egg to chick from infected hen.
    • Treatment: Antibiotics may save birds — see a vet.
    • Vaccine: Yes
  • Newcastle Disease (N.D.):
    • Symptoms: Include wheezing, breathing difficulty, nasal discharge, cloudy eyes, laying stops, paralysis of legs, wings, twisted heads, necks
    • Mode of Spread: Viral disease; highly contagious; contracted through infected Pheasants and wild birds and is also carried on shoes, clothes, and surfaces.
    • Treatment: None. Birds under 6 months usually die; older birds can recover. Recovered birds are not carriers.
    • Vaccine: It is available as name of Lasota etc. U.S.A is working to eradicate the disease permanantly
  • Omphalitis (aka. Mushy Chick):
    • Symptoms: For Newly hatched chicks — enlarged, bluish, inflamed naval area, bad smell, drowsy, weak chicks
    • Mode of Spread: Bacterial infection of naval. Can spread from chick to chick on contaminated surfaces.
    • Treatment: Antibiotics and clean housing sometimes help, but most chicks will die. Remove healthy chicks immediately to clean quarters.
    • Vaccine: Not available. Staph and strep that cause this disease may infect humans
  • Pullorum:
    • Symptoms: Chicks are inactive, may have white diarrhea with pasted rear ends, breathing difficulty, or die without symptoms. Older birds — coughing, sneezing, poor laying.
    • Mode of Spread: Viral disease; contracted through carrier birds and contaminated surfaces, clothing, and shoes.
    • Treatment: Destroy all infected birds — birds that recover are carriers. Most chicks infected will die.
    • Vaccine: Not available but there is a blood test to find carriers
  • Rot Gut
    • Symptoms: This is a bacterial infection which causes rotten-smelling diarrhea and signs of listlessness or depression in infected chicks.
    • Mode of Spread. The infection spreads largely through overcrowding
    • Prevention. Keeping chicks in a properly-sized brooder will help reduce the risk of infection. Regular cleaning is essential to minimize the disease, and antibiotics administered in the water can help cure infected chicks
  • Medicines. There are many different types of drugs available that can be added to Pheasants feed to prevent and treat illnesses and parasites.
  • Antibiotics. Acceptable antibiotics strains which are recommended for Pheasants include the following:
    • Bacitracin
    • Chlortetracycline
    • Lincomycin
    • Oxytetracycline
    • Penicillin
    • Tylosin
    • Virginiamycin
    • Ionophores
  • Coccidiostats
  • Coccidiosis is a common parasitic disease. It is the result of an infestation of coccidia in the intestines. A number of different drugs, called coccidiostats, are available for use in conventional diets to control coccidiosis in Pheasants. Coccidiostats that can be used in treatment of Pheasants include the following:
    • Amprolium Bambermycin
    • Decoquinate
    • Diclazuril
    • Halofuginone hydrobromide
    • Lasalocid
    • Monensin
    • Narasin
    • Nicarbazin
    • Salinomycin
    • Semduramicin
    • Sulfadimethoxine and ormetoprim
  • Medications for Controlling Intestinal Worms. Many types of parasitic worm that can infest pheasants, including gapworms, roundworm, tapeworm, cecal worms, and capillary worms. There are only a few products that can be added to conventional Pheasants feed to control internal parasites. No products are approved for use with egg-laying hens. Acceptable medicinal salts for worm control include the following:
    • Albendazole
    • Hygromycin B
  • Medications for Controlling External Parasites. Many types of external parasite can infest a Pheasants flock. Typical pesticides (salt only) used for control of external parasites include:
    • Permethrin-based medications
    • Tetrachlorvinphos-based medications
    • Carbaryl-based
  • Medications for Controlling Beetles. Beetles are a common problem in Pheasants facilities. The adults are black with hardened front wings and antennae that start under a ridge near the eyes. The larvae are worm-like and slightly hardened for burrowing. Both the larvae and beetles eat decaying leaves, sticks, grass, dead insects, feces, and grains. Brand-name products that can be used to control darkling beetles include the following:
    • Credo
    • Tempo
  • Medications for Fly Control. Compounds that can be added to conventional feed to aid in fly control in Pheasants houses include the use of Cyromazine

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