Zebra Finch Farming – A Most Successful Business

Origin/ Presence/ Distribution

    • Scientific Name – Taeniopygiaguttata
    • Other names include Chestnut Eared finch, spotted-sided finch, and Australian Aboriginal names Nyi-Nyiand Nyeen-ka
    • It originally belongs to Central Australia, Indonesia and Timor Island
    • Presently found almost in many countries of world
    • Presently sold in International market @ USD $ 20 to 75 (2019)
  • Description
    • Size at adulthood – 4 inches long from the tip of the beak to the end of the tail feathers
    • Weight at Adulthood – 12 gram
  • Habitat/ Environment
    • Temperature Tolerance Range Ideal Cage temperature should be kept between 59 to 86 Degrees Fahrenheit or 15 to 30 Degrees Celsius. Body temperatures over 45 °C (113 °F) can cause death within an hour
  • Life Span
    • In Wild – 2 to 5 years
    • In Captivity – 5 to 12 years
  • Adolescence or Breeding Age. The beak and adult colors are usually complete by the time the young are 90 days old
    • Male – 6 months
    • Female – 6 months
  • Gender Identification. Though DNA is the most authentic way to determine the sexes. However, with following methods you can guess to differentiate between its male and female:
    • Male – Black and white bars on the throat and breast, orange cheek patches, and brown on the sides of the body
    • Female – don’t have these features and are instead gray in these areas. Both males and females have red-orange beaks
  • Housing / Cage Requirements
    • 30 inches long, 18 inches high, and 18 inches wide is a good size for a pair of zebra finches
    • Wire spacing should be 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch
    • make sure the cage is not so cluttered that the finches cannot fly back and forth
    • Swings and ladders must be provided
    • Avoid placing them in direct sunlight or in drafty areas near heat- or air-conditioning ducts
    • Finches do not crave social interaction with people so, unlike parrots, they do not need to be in a busy social part of the home
  • Daily Feed Requirements
    • Feed in wild consist primarily on Grass seeds
    • Feed in captivity may consist on Milt in Winters and White Milt in Summers
    • Alternatively you can try “Premium Daily Diet for Finches” made through the secret Recipe of Nadia Pets Cross. It also contain essential dietary requirements, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines and much more.
    • Feed Consumption Per Day Per Bird – 10 gram
    • Feed Consumption Per Year Per Bird – 3.5 kg
  • Breeding Behaviour – The zebra finch is an opportunistic breeder, initiating reproductive behaviour about one to three months after water becomes available. This is so that the young hatch when semi-ripe and ripe seeds (their primary food) become available. Thus, in captivity, it can breed year round when provided with sufficient water. Zebra finch generally breeds in loose colonies of up to 50 nests. It usually places its nest in a thorny shrub or tree, although it will nest in other structures, natural and artificial. The zebra finch builds both a roosting and breeding nest. The former is dome-shaped, has a large entrance on the side, and lacks an entrance tunnel
  • Breeding Season Almost round the year
  • Clutch Size – 2 to 7 small white eggs laid at the rate of one per day. They are fully capable of raising clutches non-stop for years
  • Egg Incubation or Hatching Period – Incubation will usually begin in earnest after the third or fourth egg is laid. Both sexes share in the incubation duties with one relieving the other to feed and drink and then both remaining in the nest at night. The eggs will begin to hatch after 12 or 13 days
  • Finch Diseases, Treatment & Prevention Zebra finches can be prone to scaly face caused by mites, which requires treatment by a vet. Zebra finches are prone to air-sac mite infection, especially when overly stressed. This serious condition needs immediate veterinary care if the bird is to survive—if your bird has obvious difficulty breathing, seek help immediately

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