Must to Know about Fish Farming

  • Main Types of Fish
    • By virtue of the structure of their mouths and the types of skeletons, fish are grouped into following three main types:
    • Jawless fishes
    • Cartilaginous fishes
    • Bony fishes

Worldwide Popular Varieties of Fish

  • Siamese Fighting Fish
    • Scientific Name: Betta splendens
    • Other Names: Plakad and Treykrem
    • Classification: Betta Fish
    • Family: Gourami family
    • Use: aquarium fish
    • They can mingle with other fish
    • Dimension: The body length of the fish is 7 centimeters
    • Coat Colours: Red, green, opaque, albino, orange, yellow and blue etc.
    • Lifespan: The 2 years only.
    • Water Temperature: Be kept around 23 degrees to 27 degrees
  • Common Carp
    • Scientific Name: Carpio
    • Family: Cyprinus
    • Found in a flaming gorge reservoir, Lake Mohave, Aral Sea and more places
    • Mostly found in water bodies in Asia and Europe
    • Grown in freshwater lakes
    • Can tolerate low oxygen levels
    • Body mass of this fish is about 2-14 kilograms.
    • Food: Omnivorous
    • Lay up to 300,000 eggs in a single spawn
    • Use: This fish is taken as food by humans all over the world.
    • Lifespan: 47 years
  • Goldfish
    • Scientific Name: Carassius auratus.
    • Family: Carassius
    • Mostly found in Utah Lake but native to East Asia. It was domesticated in China and later breeds have developed
    • Use: Aquarium fish.
    • Size of this fish is 19 inches.
    • Goldfish has an ability of strong learning, social learning skills. Goldfishes are gregarious.
    • They feed on insects and plants. Goldfish eggs hatch within 48-72 hours.
    • Lifespan: 30 years
  • Oscar
    • Scientific Name: Astronotusoscellatus
    • Other Names: Tiger Oscar, marble cichlid and velvet cichlid
    • Family: .
    • Found in South America, Australia, United States and China.
    • Use: Aquarium fish.
    • The body length is about 36 cm and mass of the body is 1.4 kg.
    • They grow quickly and are carnivores.
    • Lifespan: about 10-13 years
  • Wels Catfish
    • Scientific Name:
    • Other Names: Sheatfish
    • Classification: Silurus
    • Mostly found in freshwater places like Lake Constance, in basins of Baltic, black and Caspian Sea.
    • Size of this fish is about 13 ft that is of 4m.
    • Maximum weight is about 400kg.
    • Feed on other animals which live in water bodies.
    • Use:These are taken as food by humans. It is rich in proteins and nutrients.
    • Lifespan:Lifespan of this fish is about 60 years
  • Zander
    • Scientific Name:Sander lucioperca
    • Other Name: pike-perch
    • Classification: Sander
    • Mostly found in the Aral Sea and Lake Constance
    • Some of its species also habitats in western Eurasia
    • Use: It is eaten by humans and is rich in nutrients.
    • Mass of the body is 20 kilograms.
    • These fishes can be hybrid.
    • Lifespan:Lifespan of this kind of fish is usually very less
  • European Seabass
    • Scientific Name:
    • Other Names: Sea Dance
    • Family:
    • Primarily ocean-going fish but also found in brackish and fresh
    • Regarded as table fish.
    • It is mostly night hunter and feeds on small fish like crustaceans, cephalopods and polychaetes.
    • Lifespan: 25 years
  • Northern Pike
    • Other Name:Pike
    • Family : Esox
    • It is also a symbol of North Dakota
    • Mostly found in Fort Peck Lake, Lake George and Lake of the Woods.
    • They feed on big prey of animals which live in water bodies.
    • Lifespan:7 years in the wild
  • Sword Fish
    • Scientific Name: Xiphias gladius
    • Other Names: Broadbills
    • Family : Xiphias
    • Migrate from one place to another and are mostly found in tropical and temperate parts of Indian Oceans, Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
    • Found under the depth of 550m.
    • They reach to a length 9.8 ft and mass of 650-kilo grams.
    • It is called as swordfish because it has a sword like spear to kill prey and make it is easier to eat. These are vigorous fighters.
    • Use: It is hunted by humans and taken as food and lives for
    • Lifespan 9 years.
  • Tench
    • Scientific Name: 
    • Other Name: Schlei in Germany.
    • Mostly found in Lake Constance and Lake Garda, Eurasia and Western Europe. It is even found in Lake Baikal.
    • Found majorly in fresh and brackish water only.
    • Family: Tinca
    • Use: These are the best resources for the recopies for humans. It is used for better economy.
    • Lifespan: 15 years in wild and 30 years in captivity
  • Atlantic Cod
    • Scientific Name: Gadusmorhua
    • Other Name: benthopelagic
    • Family:Gadidae
    • Mostly found in Bay of Biscay, north of Arctic Ocean, North Sea and Baltic Sea etc.
    • Body Length: 2 meters
    • Body Mass: 96 kilograms
    • Use:It is widely consumed by humans.
    • Lifespan: 25 years.
    • It attains sexual maturity in between the ages of two and four.
    • Their colour will vary from brown to green
  • Atlantic Mackerel
    • Scientific Name:Scomberscombrus
    • Other Names: Mackerel or Boston mackerel
    • Family:scomber
    • Found on both sides of the North Atlantic Ocean.
    • It migrates towards the coast for a feed of small fishes and prawns in summer
    • It forms large schools near the surface of cold and temperate shelf areas.
    • They move to shore when water temperatures range between 11-14 degrees.
    • Use: Food for humans
    • Lifespan: 20 years
  • Common Bream
    • Scientific Name: Abramisbrama
    • Other Names: Carp bream, bronze bream, freshwater bream and Abramis bream
    • Family: Cyprinidae
    • Found in Aral lake and Lake Constance.
    • Body Length: 30-55cm
    • Body Mass: 2- 4 kg.
    • It is an omnivore. It eats larvae and plankton of sea.
    • Generally, they spawn in April to June.
    • Use:Used for both purposes of sport and commercial purposes and lives for about
    • Lifespan : 29 years.
  • Basa Fish
    • Scientific Name:  Pangasiusbacourti
    • Other Names: Basa, panga, swai and bocorti
    • Family: Pangasildae
    • This is the species of catfish
    • The native of basa is at Chao Phraya and Mekong basins in Indonesia.
    • The body of basa fish is heavy and stout with length 120 centimetres
    • They feed on plants.
    • They spawn on the flood season in June which has an average of 5 cm.
    • Use: It is a River Fish rich in proteins and mostly used as frozen food
  • European Fish
    • Scientific Name: Percafluviatilis
    • Other Names: Red fin perch, English perch, and perch. It is classified under the higher classification of.
    • Family:Perch
    • Found in northern Asia and Europe
    • Body length: 60cm
    • Mass: 2.8 kg.
    • Perch spawn deposits egg at the end of the month April and beginning of May on water plants.
    • Eggs are migrated through birds to other waters as eggs stick to the bird’s legs.
    • Lifespan: 22 years
  • Rainbow Trout
    • Scientific Name:Oncorhynchus mykiss..
    • Family:These are species of salmonid and classified under the classification of Oncorhynchus.
    • It is represented as symbol Washington.
    • It is found in Flaming Gorge Reservoir, Watauga Lake, and Lake Mohave and many more.
    • They live in oceans for 2 to 3 years and then move to spawns.
    • Spawns of these fishes are called as steel head.
    • Maximum mass of a body is about 9 kg.
    • Use:Used as food and sport for almost 45 countries in the world being very healthiest food
    • Lifespan: 11years
  • Ocean Sun Fish
    • Scientific Name:Scientific name of Ocean sunfish is Mola mola. It is classified under the classification of mola.
    • It is the heaviest bony fish in the world.
    • Sunfish diet consists of mainly Jellyfish; the reason is it is nutritionally poor
    • These will become food for predators like a sea lion, killer fishes etc.
    • These are native to tropic waters and temperate to every ocean in the world
    • They swim up to 26 km per day
    • Use and:It’s a Chef and used a human food
    • Lifespan 10 years in captivity
  • Blob Fish
    • Scientific Name:
    • Family: Psychroulutidae
    • It is a deep-sea fish and found in the sea water of Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania
    • They live in depths between 600 to 1200 m
    • Length of blobfish is typically shorter than 30 cm.
    • It feeds on crustaceans.
  • Blue Fish
    • Scientific Name:  Pomatomussaltatrix
    • Other Names: Tailor in Australia
    • Family: Pomatomidae
    • It is marine pelagic fish found in temperate and subtropical waters and mostly found in Illawarra Lake, Black sea and Lake Macquarie
    • It is a moderately proportioned fish with a forked tail
    • Length of the body ranges from 20 -60 cm and mass of the body is 14 kg.
    • They live in groups and are fast swimmers.
    • Lifespan: 9 years
  • Doctor Fish
    • Scientific Name:
    • Other Names: bonefish, Kangal fish and nibble fish
    • Family: Other names of doctor fish are. The species are bred in Turkish river systems.
    • Use:Used mostly in spa as treatment for the skin patients to cure psoriasis.
    • Found mostly in river basins of Central Middle East and Northern part of Syria, Turkey, Oman, Iran and Iraq.
    • Lifespan: 6-7 years
  • Zebra Fish
    • Scientific Name: Scientific name of zebrafish is Danio rerio
    • Family: danio
    • Found in tropical freshwater
    • It is native to Himalayan and Ganges regions in countries like India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Burma and Pakistan
    • This is a popular aquarium fish.
    • Zebra fish is also used in scientific research and It is the first vertebrate to clone
    • These are omnivorous. It means their prey includes plankton of phyto and zoo
    • Lifespan: 5 years
  • Sand Steenbras
    • Scientific Name:
    • Family and History:
    • It is a marine fish and found in shallow water in the Mediterranean Sea and in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean from France to South Africa, Red Sea and coast of Mozambique in the Indian Ocean.
    • Length of the body will be about 55cm and weight is around 1 kg
  • Nile Tilapia
    • Scientific Name:Oreochromis niloticus
    • Other Names: mango tilapia
    • Family: Oreochromis
    • Found in the Lake Victoria. Its native is from Africa and Gambia
    • Length of the body will be 6o cm and weighs up to 4.3 kg.
    • It is an omnivore. It feeds both plankton and harmful gases like carbon dioxide, ammonia and hydrogen sulphide
    • Lifespan: 9 years
  • Flathead Grey Mullet
    • Scientific Name: Mugil Cephalusi.
    • Other Names: Bully mullet, grey mullet, common mullet, mullet and sea mullet
    • It is a Freshwater fish.
    • Family: Mugil
    • Found in the Red Sea and Lake Awoonga, coastal tropical and subtropical waters worldwide.
    • Body length is about 30-75 centimeters
    • They feed on algae in the fresh water.
    • Use:Food for humans. In Egypt, it is salted, dried and pickled to make feseekh
    • Lifespan 11-16 years
  • European Eel
    • Scientific Name: Anguilla Anguilla.
    • Family: Anguillidae
    • It is a fish like a snake and catadromous fish.
    • Length of the body is 1.5 m and Mass is 3.6 kg.
    • Use:Eaten by a human food
    • Lifespan 60 years
  • Neon Tetra
    • Scientific Name
    • Family:
    • This is freshwater fish
    • Its native is in black waters.
    • It is seen in some of the countries like Peru and Brazil etc.
    • Tetras are omnivores
    • Lifespan: 5 years
  • Top 10 Most Popular Fish Names
    • Shrimps
    • Tuna
    • Salmon
    • Tilapia
    • Alaska Pollock
    • Catfish
    • Crab
    • Cod
    • Pangasius
    • Clams

Fish Varieties Favorite for Cooking:

Doctors recommend eating fish thrice a week as best of the nutrients. But all the fish are not for cooking. Clams, oysters, lobsters, shrimps have a high content of mercury in them and excess intake of these fishes are not considered safe. The safe list is as follows:

1. Salmon:

Has high content of omega-3. Omega 3 is known to reduce blood pressure and is a good source of protein.

2. Tuna:

Rich in omega 3. It is especially good for pregnant women and the growing foetus. It is an excellent source of animal protein.

3. Sardines:

Has omega 3 in them that lowers the risk of stroke, depression, and also some cancers. The DHA and fatty acid in Tilefish will nourish the brain and is a healthy option to include in your diet.

4. Cod:

A good source of heart-healthy omega-3, fatty acids and is especially rich in lean protein and vitamin B-12. It is available throughout the year weighs anywhere from 1.5 to 100 pounds

5. Canned Tuna:

Has lower mercury levels than tuna steaks and sushi, and two canned tuna meals a week is good for the body. Pregnant women should not eat canned white tuna and should limit canned light tuna intake because of the high levels of mercury in them. In a fetus or young child, this can damage the brain and nervous system.

10 Best Aquarium Fishes and Their Specialties:

1. Gold Fish:

Goldfish come in many varieties of sizes and colors. They are great for beginners who have an unheated aquarium. These fish prefer temperatures between 62-74 degrees Fahrenheit. Their superpower is that they age slower and live longer when taken care of well.

2. Bloodfin Tetras:

This type of fish has a silver body and rid fins that are striking. They live up to 10 years and are very active. It usually prefers to live in a group and is almost always peaceful. They are otherwise shy fish when kept in isolation. They usually hide and tend to stay away from school when sick. Their specialty is that they jump excessively, so remember to keep your tank closed.

3. White Cloud:

This is yet another type of fish that is small and tolerates cold temperatures. Some people keep these in outdoor ponds over the summer. They tolerate temperatures as low as 60 degrees Fahrenheit. It is a hardy fish that tends to live in the middle and top areas of the tank. They prefer to live in a group. One specialty is that they are easy to maintain and generally display peaceful temperament.

4. Danios:

Danios are a kind of fish that requires a heated tank. A heated tank will enable you to keep a lot of varieties of them. This fish is hardy and do well in a variety of conditions and hence, are a perfect first choice. Danios are active and small. They prefer to be in a group near the surface of the water. The one good part about them is they are not picky eaters and do well with flake fish.

5. Black Molly:

Black Molly is a peaceful fish. It is a good choice if you want a community tank with several types of fish. One big advantage of choosing this fish is that it can adapt to fresh, brackish and salt water. So, you can relax when having to set up a tank. These fish prefer a temperature that ranges from 70 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit.

6. Black Skirt Tetra:

The black skirt tetra is another peaceful fish that should be kept in a pair or in a larger group. These are hardy fish and are great eaters. They will eat just any prepared food. They tend to swim in the middle of the tank and hate to be confronted. Make sure to keep plants around that will allow them to hide.

7. Kuhli Loach:

The Kuhli Loach is an eel-like fish that are hardy fish which will be a great addition to your tank. It is a bottom-dweller that is unique in that it hides during the daytime. You might observe that it tunnels under the gravel or hides in a cave. It will, therefore, be a good idea to offer hiding places for this fish. The speciality of this fish is that they keep the tank clean by eating the food that falls from above the bottom of the tank.

8. Swordtails:

These are the hardy and long-lasting fish, which makes it perfect for beginners. With a variety of colors to choose from, you may want to add them to your tank for a variety. The specialty about them is that they add some level of brightness to your tank and thus remain attractive.

9. Betta:

Betta comes with an attractive flash and color. This type of fish in India is pretty common in the tanks. It is recommended to have only one of a kind in the tank. Otherwise, they might end up fighting with each other. Their specialty is that they are excellent fighters.

10. Platies:

They are great for beginners having large numbers of varieties to choose from. They come in different colours. They are also selectively bred to make a new combination of colours. Their speciality is that they almost always any flake or dried food. So, you don’t have to think about what to feed them

Care & Maintenance of Aquarium

·        Tropical Temperatures

  • For tropical fish, the water temperatures need to be in the mid 70s at minimum
  • Use 5 watts of energy to heat

·        Relation of Bacteria & Filtration

  • Always have an “established” setup. This means having good bacteria that has grown in your filter and throughout your tank.
  • If setting up a new aquarium, start the cycle with some used filter pad from someone else’s established filter. Put that dirty pad in your filter and run it for a couple hours and you should be ready for fish

·        Provision of Quality Food

o   You can try “Premium Daily Diet for OmniFish” and “Premium Daily Diet for CorniFish” made through the ‘Secret Recipe’ of Nadia Pets Cross. It also contains essential dietary requirements, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines and a branded breeding formula to enhance fertility in the Fish

·        Water Changing

  • All Aquariums need regular water changes
  • The easiest way to change water in a fish aquarium is to use a water changer gadget
  • They hook up to your faucet and suck the water out while also pushing new water in

·        Floating Breeder Box

  • Use a small floating plastic box in the aquarium
  • As the babies fall out of the female during birth they fall into a small section of the box that larger fish

·        Gravel Cleaning

  • When you clean your aquarium you should always clean the gravel.
  • It’s so important because everything sinks to the bottom in fish tanks. By cleaning the bottom,90% of the waste is cleaned up. Use Gravel Vacuum as most common method to cleaning gravel

·        Water Capacity Level

  • No fish should ever have to live in a space so small
  • Do not use any vase lesser than 5 gallons capacity

·        Importance of  Light

  • Buy a timer light so that it can turn on and off at the same time everyday to replicate their natural habitat
  • The type of lighting isn’t a huge deal but use a lighting source to help them and their visibility
  • Types of Aquarium Fish That Can Live Together:
    • Tropical fish will come in three general categories:
      • Community fish
      • Semi-aggressive fish
      • Aggressive fish.
    • Community fish are smaller and docile fish that can generally live together well. They generally don’t grow more than 3 inches in size so you can have a smaller fish tank around 20 gallons or more. Some of the community fish include:
      • Danios
      • Guppies
      • Platies
      • Rasboras
      • Swordtails
      • Tetras
    • Semi-aggressive fish are more territorial in nature and can be very aggressive at times for different reasons. They can chase and eat other smaller fish. They tend to grow larger, so a 30-gallon or more tank is recommended. Semi-aggressive fish include:
      • Gouramis
      • Barbs
      • Loaches
    • Aggressive fish are carnivorous fish that strictly eat meat and will eat other smaller fish in a heartbeat. These types of fish grow larger so a large fish tank of 50 Gallons plus is needed. These species are not recommended for the beginners. They should never be mixed with small community fish or even semi-aggressive fish. Aggressive fish include:
      • Cichlids
      • Oscars

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