Essential to Know about Frog Breeding & Farming

  • Breed Name: Frog
  • Scientific name: Anura
  • Order: Anura; Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)
  • Class: Amphibia
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Lifespan: Common toad: 10 – 12 years
  • A frog is any member of a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians
  • Oldest fossil appeared in Madagascar of origin dating back to the Permian, 265 million years ago
  • Frogs are extremely efficient at converting what they eat into body mass
  • Frogs typically lay their eggs in water. A few species deposit eggs on land or bypass the tadpole stage
  • Feeding: Frogs generally have a carnivorous diet consisting of small invertebrates, but omnivorous species exist and a few feed on fruits
  • Frog population:
    • There are over 6,300 recorded species, accounting for around 88% of extant amphibian species
    • Their population is on decline since the 1950s. 1/3rd of species are threatened with extinction and over 120 have already extinct
  • Reproduction/ Breeding. Two main types of reproduction occur in frogs:
    • Prolonged breeding: It is adopted by the majority of species, adult frogs at certain times of year assemble at a pond, lake or stream to breed. Many frogs return to the bodies of water in which they developed as larvae. This often results in annual migrations involving thousands of individuals
    • Explosion Breeding: In this mature adult frogs arrive at breeding sites in response to certain trigger factors such as rainfall occurring in an arid area. Mating and spawning take place promptly and the speed of larval growth is rapid in order to make use of the ephemeral pools before they dry up
  • Distribution: Frogs live on all the continents except Antarctica, but they are not present on certain islands also
  • Medical Use of Frogs:
    • Owing to their toxins,frogs are considered “natural pharmacy”
    • The alkaloid epibatidine, a painkiller 200 times more potent than morphine is made by some species of poison dart frogs
    • Chemicals isolated from the skins of frogs may offer resistance to HIV infection
    • Dart poisons are under active investigation for their potential as therapeutic drugs
    • A frog contains enough poison to kill an estimated 22,000 mice
  • Frogs Lower Classifications/ Breeds:
    • American Water Frogs
    • Australian Burrowing Frogs
    • Australian Swamp Frogs
    • Australasian Treefrogs
    • Barred Frogs
    • Big-Eyed Tree Frogs
    • Brown Frogs
    • Central American Toads
    • Chorus Frog
    • Clawed Frogs
    • Cricket Frogs
    • Eastern Cricket Frog
    • Green Toad
    • Holarctic Treefrogs
    • Mexican Treefrogs
    • North American Spadefoots
    • Rainforest Frogs
    • Rain Frogs
    • Sheep Frogs
    • South American Toads
    • Spring Peeper
    • Tailed Frogs
    • Toadlets
    • Toadlets (Ground Frogs)
    • Tusked Frogs
    • North American Narrow-mouthed Toads
    • North American Toads
    • Water-holding Frogs
    • West Indian Treefrogs
    • Western Spadefoots
    • Western Toad
    • Whipping Frogs
    • Wood Frogs
    • Woodhouse’s Toad

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