The Eclectus Parrot is native to the Solomon Islands, Sumba, New Guinea and nearby islands, NE Australia and the Maluku Islands.
Eclectus parrots are one of the more popular birds kept in captivity, as either parent or hand reared. Unlike many other species of parrot they are relatively easy to breed yet difficult to hand feed.
The Eclectus are quite plentiful in many of their native areas, and in some places are even considered pests.
Scientific Name – Eclectus roratus
Price (2019) in International market @ USD $1500 to $2500
Size at adulthood – Males and females are similar in size and color. They can grow up to a length of 35 cm (14 in)
Weight at Adulthood –440 grams
Sub Species – The Eclectus parrot has evolved into at least 10 subspecies, four of which are available in the pet market including Red Sided, Grand Eclectus, Vosmaeri and Solomon Island Eclectus
Eclectus Parrot is found mainly in the canopy of rainforest and theyare also fond of Eucalypt Woodlands
Have strong nesting instincts. At home prefer to hide themselves in dark and hidden places
Temperature Tolerance Range. Ideal Cage temperature should be kept between 70 to 85°F (21 to 30°C)
Talking / Training Ability. Eclectus can be taught to speak quite a few words and they are quick to learn almost anything you want to teach them
In Wild – 30 years
In Captivity – 50 – 70 years
Gender Identification. The eclectus parrot is very much sexually dimorphic. The contrast between the brilliant emerald green plumage of the male and the deep red/purple plumage of the female is so marked that often they seems two different species of parrots
Housing / Cage Requirements. It is ideal to have flying cages but minimum size should not be lesser than 5x5x4 feet in dimension. Since they are very social birds so place the cage in your homewhere maximum traffic of people available around
Daily Feed Requirements
Eclectuses have unusually long digestive tracts and require large amounts of fiber, fruits and vegetables in their diet to remain healthy
The diet of the eclectus in the wild consists of mainly fruits, wild figs, unripe nuts, flower and leaf buds, and some seeds.
In captivity there feed should consist of fruits like mangoes, guava, figs, melons, bananas, grapes, stone food, citrus fruit, peers, apples, pomegranate, and papaya
In captivity, the eclectus parrot benefits from specially formulated pellets, fruits, vegetables, leafy greens such as endive and dandelion, and a small amount of seeds and nuts such as almonds and walnuts
Alternatively you can try “Premium Daily Diet for Eclectus” made through the ‘Secret Recipe’ of Nadia Pets Cross. It also contains essential dietary requirements, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines and a branded breeding formula to enhance fertility in the bird.
Adolescence or Breeding Age/Reproductive Age
Male – 2-3 years
Female – 1.5 to 2 years
Breeding Behaviour / Season
Eclectus parrots are polygamous by nature. The females may mate with multiple male suitors and males may travel from nesting site to nesting site to mate with multiple females.
In its natural habitat, the eclectus nests within hollows in large, emergent rainforest trees
In captivity, Eclectus will need a nest box mounted as high up as possible. It should be at least is 31″-39″ (80-100 cm) high with an inside diameter of 12″-14″ (30-35 cm) and an opening of 4″-5″ (10-12 cm).
Provide some bedding material inside on the bottom of the box. In the wild their nests have been observed to have the eggs laid on wood chips
Breeding Season –July to January. But may be year round even
Clutch Size –2 white eggs. Eclectus are “free-breeders” and may nest several times during a breeding season.
Egg Incubation or Hatching Period – 28 to 30 days
The female only incubates the eggs but both parents together takes care of the young ones.
Young fledge at about 11-12 weeks of age
Artificial vs. Natural Incubation. Natural Incubation is a preferred option.
Health & Care, Diseases, Treatment & Prevention
They are more prone to feather picking than other parrots which arise many medical issues. They are also susceptible to Macaw Wasting Disease, Psittacosis or PBFD, Polyomavirus and Hypovitaminosis A
To keep the Eclectus healthy, the fruits and green foods are essential. Dry seed is notably deficient in Vitamin A, which is why they need additions to a seed based diet. Their digestive tract is adapted to a fibrous diet, which is provided by the fruits and vegetables. If deprived of a fibrous diet, they may develop Candidiasis..
Eclectus are also prone to becoming fat, another reason why they should be encouraged to eat more vegetables and less oily seed. A cuttle bone or a calcium block is a good source of calcium
The basic cage care includes daily cleaning of the water and food dishes. Weekly you should wash all the perches and dirty toys, and the floor should be washed about every other week. A total hosing down and disinfecting of an aviary should be done yearly, replacing anything that needs to be freshened, such as old dishes, toys and perches
If you notice any sign of illnesses in your Eclectus, immediately provide a warm, draft free, secure environment kept at about 86°F (30°C). Place food and water close to the perch where it is easily accessible.