Dove Farming Business A to Z

  • Breed Name: Doves
  • Scientific Name: Columbidae
  • Class: Aves
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Higher classification: Rock dove
  • Lifespan: upto 10 years
  • Habitat:
    • Doves are found in almost every part of the world
    • Diamond dove is native to Australia
    • Ring-necked dove is native to Africa
  • Feeding & Diet:
    • Doves, unlike parrots, need grit in their diet because they eat their seeds whole
    • Provide several types of grit, as well as a calcium supplement, especially during breeding season
    • In wild, Doves eat a variety of grains, seeds, greens, berries, fruits, and will occasionally eat insects, snails and earthworms in the wild
    • They, mostly like to eat seeds and cereal grains, Cracked Corn, sunflower, wheat, barley, millet and peas
    • Around 50 percent of their diet should consist of a high-quality seed mix or pellet that’s formulated for Doves. Pellets are best, as they’re well-balanced, but a pigeon seed mix will suffice if you can’t find specialized pigeon pellets
    • Alternatively, try “Premium Feed for Doves” by Nadia Pets Cross which not only fulfills all nutritional requirements, economical in price, prevent diseases as well as enhance the fertility and breeding rate in doves
  • Hosing Requirements of Doves:
    • Doves are unable to climb up the cage bars like parrots
    • Instead they can only fly around only, which makes a wide cage an important requirement
    • Ideally, a minimum of 60”L X 60”W x 72:H inches of cage allow some movement and activity for Doves
  • Reproduction Facts:
    • Doves are sexually mature within 1 year of age
    • Doves breed from spring to fall but are able to mate year round
    • Lays several clutches of 2-3 eggs each year
    • When a male is ready to mate, he circles in a courtship flight and chases rivals from an area where he desires to nest
    • Female incubates at night for a period of 14 to 20 days whereas male incubates during the day
    • Dovesare able to raise up a maximum of six (6) broods annually
  • Colour Variations of Doves:
    • Blue
    • Brown
    • Emerald
    • Gray
    • Green
    • Pink
    • White
  • Species of Doves: In existence, there are hundreds of dove species with the diamond dove and the ring-necked dove as the most popular pet dove species
  • Lower Classifications / Breeds: Famous are these:
    • African Collared Dove is a small dove found in the Horn of Africa and southwestern Arabia. Peferably it lives in arid lands but also found around water sources. This bird is typically around 26 cm in length
    • Bar-Shouldered Dove is native to Australia and New Guinea. It is a medium-sized bird of size 26–30 cm. Its voice is a distinctive and melodious “cook-a-wook” or “coolicoo”
    • Barbary dove, ringed turtle dove, ringneck dove, ring-necked turtle dove, or ring dove is a domestic member of the dove family
    • Brown Cuckoo-Dove is found in Australia
    • Caribbean Dove is found in the Cayman Islands, Colombia, Honduras, Jamaica, and Mexico
    • Common Emerald Dove, Asian emerald dove, or grey-capped emerald dove is a resident breeding bird in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the Indian Subcontinent
    • Common Ground Dove is a small bird that inhabits the southern United States, parts of Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America
    • Diamond Dove is a resident bird of Australia
    • Eared Dove is a New World dove. It is a resident breeder of South America from Colombia to southern Argentina, Chile, Tobago and Trinidad
    • Eurasian collared dove is native to Europe and Asia. It is also called collared dove, and spelled Eurasian collared-dove
    • European turtle dove
    • Inca dove or Mexican dove is of a length of 16.5–23 cm and weigh 30–58 g. They are slender, with a gray-brown body covered in feathers
    • Grenada Dove is a medium-sized dove. It is endemic to the island of Grenada, aka. pea dove or Well’s dove, it is the National Bird of Grenada. It is considered to be one of the most critically endangered doves in the world
    • Key West Quail-Dove breeds in the Bahamas and, except for Jamaica, throughout the Greater Antilles
    • Laughing Dove is a small bird that is a resident breeder in Africa, the Middle East and the Indian Subcontinent. This small long-tailed dove is found in dry scrub and semi-desert habitats where pairs can often be seen feeding on the ground
    • Luzon Bleeding-Heart is a ground dove that are also called “bleeding-hearts”
    • Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura), aka. the American mourning dove or the rain dove, and erroneously as the turtle dove, and was once known as the Carolina pigeon or Carolina turtledove
    • Mourning Collared Dove, or African mourning dove is a dove which is a widespread resident breeding bird in Africa south of the Sahara
    • Mariana Fruit Dove, aka. mwee’mwe, is a small, up to 24 cm long, green fruit dove native and endemic to Guam and the Northern Marianas Islands in the Pacific
    • Namaqua Dove is a small bird and the only species in the genus Oena
    • Oriental Turtle Dove or rufous turtle dove is native to Europe, east across Asia to Japan and have been designated into at least six named subspecies
    • Pink-Headed Fruit Dove, aka. pink-necked fruit dove or Temminck’s fruit pigeon, is a small colourful dove. It is a resident breeding endemic bird in Indonesia where it occurs in the mountain forests of Sumatra, Java and Bali at altitudes of 1000–2200 m
    • Red-Eyed Dove is common in sub-Saharan Africa
    • Red Turtle Dove, aka. red collared dove, is a resident breeding bird in the tropics of Asia
    • Ring-Necked Dove, the Cape turtle dove or half-collared dove, is a dove species in East and southern Africa
    • Ruddy Ground Dove is a small dove, which is a resident breeder from Mexico south to Peru, Brazil and Paraguay, and northern Argentina, and on Trinidad and Tobago
    • Ruddy Quail-Dove breeds throughout the West Indies, Central America, and tropical South America, Florida and southern Texas. It lays two buff-colored eggs
    • Spotted Dove is a small and somewhat long-tailed pigeon that is a common resident breeding bird across its native range on the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia
    • Stock Dove is a species of bird in the family Columbidae
    • Superb Fruit Dove, aka. purple-crowned fruit dove, is a medium-sized, colourful fruit-dove
    • Tambourine Dove is a resident breeding bird in woodlands and other thick vegetation in Africa south of the Sahara Desert.
    • Whistling Fruit Dove, aka. velvet dove or yellow-headed dove, is a small fruit dove from Fiji
    • White-Tipped Dove is a large New World tropical dove
    • White-Winged Dove is native to the SW. United States through Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
    • Wompoo Fruit Dove, aka. wompoo pigeon, is one of the larger fruit doves native to New Guinea and eastern Australia
    • Zebra Dovebarred ground dove, is, native to Southeast Asia. They are small birds with a long tail. They are predominantly brownish-grey in colour with black-and-white barring. They are known for their pleasant soft, staccato cooing calls
    • Zenaida Dove is a national bird of Anguilla, where it is commonly referred to as a turtle dove. It lays two white eggs on a flimsy platform built on a tree or shrub
  • Health & Diseases of Doves:
    • Overall, doves are generally healthy birds with exception of following illnesses:
    • Red Mites: Doves are susceptible to red mites, which appear at night only and feed on the bird’s blood
    • Doves housed outdoors are susceptible to roundworms, tapeworms and other worm species
    • Canker, a respiratory disease that shows as a swelling in the dove’s throat and a cheesy looking growth around the mouth, can be fatal if not treated
    • Doves can transfer Chlamydia and Salmonella (bacterial infections) to humans

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *