Deer Farming

  • Breed Name: Deer
  • Scientific name: Cervidae
  • Family: Cervidae; Goldfuss, 1820
  • Life Span 12 – 15 years
  • Speed:
    • Reindeer: 60 – 80 km/h
    • White-tailed deer: 48 km/h
  • Lifespan:
    • Moose: 15 – 25 years
    • Elk: 10 – 13 years
  • Gestation period:
    • Moose: 243 days
    • Roe deer: 290 days
  • Feeding & Diet of Deer
    • Deer are better adapted to browsing than grazing, but they can consume legumes and grasses in large quantities
    • Deer are herbivore and their diet typically consists of grasses, various leaves, crops and fruits such as pumpkins and melons
    • A majority of their metabolic water intake comes from the vegetation they consume
    • The brush and trees that make up their diet are found in mountain ranges and deciduous forests, while grasses and other herbaceous plants are found in valleys and agricultural fields
    • In the arid areas, deers mainly consume four species of herbs: Crotalaria burhia(42% of diet), Ziziphus nummularia (15%), Maytenus emerginata (11%), and Prosopis cineraria (9%)
    • They prefer eatingGrasses, fruits, pods, flowers, shrubs and herbs
    • They have nocturnal feeding habits and are very active at the onset of sunset
    • Deers also feeds upon pumpkin and melon seeds and thus helps in seed dispersal
    • Alternatively you can try “Premium Daily Diet for Deer” made through the ‘Secret Recipe’ of Nadia Pets Cross. It also contains essential dietary requirements, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines and a branded breeding formula to enhance fertility in the animal
  • Adolescence or Breeding Age/Reproductive Age
    • Male – 2 years
    • Female – 8 months
  • Breeding Behaviour / Season
    • They have polygynous mating system, where one male mates with more than one female
    • Males often adopt ‘Lekking’ as a strategy to garner females for mating. While other males are not allowed into these territories, females often visit these places to forage. The male can thus attempt mating with her
    • The rut appears occur generally in two seasons, one lasting from the end of monsoon up to early October and again in the late Spring from March to the end of April. The births occure mainly in April
    • Young per Birth: Generally 1, but twins have been reported quite frequently
    • The length of gestation is about 5 months and within a month of parturition the female may breed again
  • Health & Care, Diseases, Treatment & Prevention in Deer: Deer are more prone to following diseases:
    • Anaplasmosis is a tick-borne disease caused by the Anaplasma phagocytophilum bacteria
    • Babesiosis
    • Brucellosis
    • Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter jejuni)
    • Chronic Wasting Disease(CWD)
    • Cryptosporidiosis
    • DeerParapoxvirus
    • Ehrlichiosis
  • Grouping / Species of Deer: Deer are divided into two (2) main groups and sub-species within each group:
    • Cervinae: This group include following sub-species:
      • Chital
      • Elk Deer
      • Fallow Deer
      • Muntjac
    • Capreolinae: This group include following sub-species:
      • Moose
      • Reindeer
      • Roe Deer
    • Lower Classifications of Deer:
      • Alces is a member of the New World deer subfamily and is the largest and heaviest extant species in the deer family.
      • Barasingha, aka swamp deer, is distributed in the Indian subcontinent. Some populations also found in Nepal but it is extinct in Pakistan and Bangladesh
      • Barking Deer (Muntiacus Muntjak) found mostly in Pakistan
      • Bawean Deer, aka Kuhl’s hog deer or Bawean hog deer, found only in the island of Bawean in Indonesia. A typical height for males is 60–70 and they have three-tined antlers
      • Blackbuck (Antilope Cervicapra), aka Indian antelope, is found in India, Nepal, and Pakistan
      • Calamian Deer, aka Calamian hog deer, is found only in the Calamian Islands of Palawan province of the Philippines. It is one of three species of deer native to the Philippines, the other being the Philippine sambar, and Visayan spotted deer
      • Cervus is native to Eurasia, although one species occurs in northern Africa and another in North America
      • Chinkara, aka Indian gazelle, is native to Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India
      • Chital Or Cheetal, aka spotted deer, chital deer or axis deer, is native to the Indian subcontinent
      • Eld’s Deer, aka thamin or Brow-Antlered Deer, is native to South Asia
      • Elk or wapiti is one of the largest species of North America and NE Asia
      • Fallow Deer is native to Europe, but has been introduced to Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, South Africa
      • Goitered Gazelle (Gazella Subgutturosa Subgutterosa) found mostly in Pakistan
      • Gray Brocket, aka Brown Brocket, is from northern Argentina, Bolivia, southern Peru, eastern and southern Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Amazonian brown brocket and sometimes also the Yucatan brown brocket are its subspecies
      • Hog Deer is a small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through the Indo-Gangetic Plains of Pakistan, northern India, Nepal, Bangladesh, southwestern Yunnan Province in China and to western Thailand
      • Ibex Deer mostly known as Markhor in pakistan and Alpine Ibex in the regions of Alpine Mountain Range
      • Javan Rusa or Sunda Sambar is native to the islands of Indonesia and East Timor. Certain populations also exist in the Southern Hemisphere
      • Moose or Alces alces, is a member of the New World deer subfamily and the largest extant species in the deer family
      • Mule Deer is native to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule. Its several subspecies include the black-tailed deer
      • Muntjacs, aka. barking deer or Mastreani deer, are small deer native to south and southeast Asia. Muntjacs are thought to have begun appearing 15–35 million years ago, with remains found in Miocene deposits in France, Germany and Poland
      • Musk Deeris found in the remote higher mountain regions of Gilgit, Baltistan, Upper Swat, Deosai National Park and Hazara in Pakistan. It is rare in all of these regions because of relatively unfavourable habitat
      • Nilgai Antelope aka Blue Bull (Boselaphus Tragocamelus) is the largest of Asian Antelope, found in Pakistan and other countries of Indian Sub-continent
      • Père David’s Deer, aka the milu or elaphure, is native to the river valleys of China, where it prefers wetland habitats. It grazes mainly on grass and aquatic plants
      • Philippine Deer, aka Philippine sambar or Philippine brown deer, is native to the Philippines
      • Pudús are two species of South America and are the smallest deer
      • Red Brocket is found in South America, ranging from northern Argentina to Colombia, Guianas and in island of Trinidad in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
      • Red Deer is one of the largest deer species, found in most of Europe, the Caucasus Mountains region, Asia Minor, Iran, parts of western Asia, and central Asia
      • Reindeer, aka Caribou in North America, is native to Arctic, sub-Arctic, tundra, boreal, and mountainous regions of northern Europe, Siberia, and North America
      • Roe Deer aka western roe deer, European Roe Deer, chevreuil, or simply roe. Its male is known as a roebuck. The roe deer is relatively small, reddish and grey-brown, and well-adapted to cold environments
      • Sambar is a larger deer breed native to the Indian subcontinent, South China, and Southeast Asia
      • Sika Deer aka Spotted Deer or the Japanese deer, is native to East Asia but also introduced to various other parts of the world
      • South Andean Deer, aka Southern Guemal, Chilean huemul or güemul, is a medium sized but endangered species native to Argentina and Chile
      • Taruca, aka. north Andean deer, is native to South America
      • Tufted Deer is a small species having a prominent tuft of black hair on its forehead and fang-like canines for the males found mostly in China and NE Myanmar
      • Urial (Ovis orientalis vignei), aka arkars or shapo, is primarily a subspecies of wild sheep Ovis orientalis
      • Visayan Spotted Deer, aka “Philippine spotted deer” or “Prince Alfred’s deer“, is native to the rainforests of the Visayan islands of Panay and Negros
      • Water Deer is a small deer and is related to a musk deer which is native to China and Korea, there are two subspecies: the Chinese water deer and the Korean water deer
      • White-Tailed Deer, aka whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to North America, Central America, Ecuador, and South America, Peru and Bolivia

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