Complete Guide on Finch Farming

  • Breed Name: Finches or Passerine
  • Scientific name: Fringillidae
  • Family: Fringillidae; Leach, 1820
  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Habitat:. They can live in many types of habitats where they are usually resident and do not migrate
  • Clutch size: Lesser goldfinch: 3 – 4
  • Mass: Lesser goldfinch: 8 – 12 g
  • Finches have stout conical bills adapted for eating seeds and often have colourful plumage
  • All finches have distinctly notched tails except the House Finch which has a shallow notch in its tail
  • Temperature Tolerance Range Ideal Cage temperature should be kept between 59 to 86 Degrees Fahrenheit or 15 to 30 Degrees Celsius. Body temperatures over 45 °C (113 °F) can cause death within an hour
  • Life Span
    • In Wild – 2 to 5 years
    • In Captivity – 5 to 12 years
  • Price of Finches: $10 – $100
  • Adolescence or Breeding Age. The beak and adult colors are usually complete by the time the young are 90 days old
    • Male – 6 months
    • Female – 6 months
  • Housing / Cage Requirements
    • 30 inches long, 18 inches high, and 18 inches wide is a good size for a pair of finches
    • Wire spacing should be 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch
    • make sure the cage is not so cluttered that the finches cannot fly back and forth
    • Swings and ladders must be provided
    • Avoid placing them in direct sunlight or in drafty areas near heat- or air-conditioning ducts
    • Finches do not crave social interaction with people so, unlike parrots, they do not need to be in a busy social part of the home
  • Breeding Behaviour – The finch is an opportunistic breeder, initiating reproductive behaviour about one to three months after water becomes available. This is so that the young hatch when semi-ripe and ripe seeds (their primary food) become available. Thus, in captivity, it can breed year round when provided with sufficient water. Finch generally breeds in loose colonies of up to 50 nests. It usually places its nest in a thorny shrub or tree, although it will nest in other structures, natural and artificial. The finch builds both a roosting and breeding nest. The former is dome-shaped, has a large entrance on the side, and lacks an entrance tunnel
  • Breeding Season Almost round the year
  • Clutch Size – 2 to 7 small white eggs laid at the rate of one per day. They are fully capable of raising clutches non-stop for years
  • Egg Incubation or Hatching Period – Incubation will usually begin in earnest after the third or fourth egg is laid. Both sexes share in the incubation duties with one relieving the other to feed and drink and then both remaining in the nest at night. The eggs will begin to hatch after 12 or 13 days
  • Daily Feed Requirements
    • Feed in wild consist primarily on Grass seeds
    • Feed in captivity may consist on Millet in Winters and White Millet in Summers
    • Alternatively you can try “Premium Daily Diet for Finches” made through the secret Recipe of Nadia Pets Cross. It also contains essential dietary requirements, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines and much more.
    • Feed Consumption Per Day Per Bird – 10 gram
    • Feed Consumption Per Year Per Bird – 3.5 kg
  • Finch Diseases, Treatment & Prevention:
    • Finches can be prone to scaly face caused by mites, which requires treatment by a vet
    • Finches are prone to air-sac mite infection, especially when overly stressed
  • Lower Classifications / Breeds of Finches:
    • American goldfinch is a small North American bird. It is migratory, ranging from mid-Alberta to North Carolina during the breeding season, and from just south of the Canada–United States border to Mexico during the winter
    • Apapane is a species of Hawaiian honeycreeper that is endemic to Hawaii. The bright crimson feathers of the ʻApapane were once used to adorn the ʻahuʻula, mahiole, and nā lei hulu of aliʻi.
    • Atlantic canary, known worldwide simply as the wild canary and also called the island canary, canary, or common canary. It is native to the Canary Islands, the Azores, and Madeira
    • Black-Headed Siskin, In Belize aka. Jonny Bee, is found in Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest
    • Black Siskin is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland and subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland
    • Brambling cock o’ the north and the mountain finch is widespread and migratory
    • Cardueline Finches. The Hawaiian honeycreepers are now included in this subfamily
    • Carduelis. The genus Carduelis was introduced by the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson in 1760 by tautonomy based on Carl Linnaeus’s specific epithet for the European goldfinch Fringilla carduelis
    • Common Chaffinch, aka. chaffinch, is brightly coloured with a blue-grey cap and rust-red underparts
    • Common Linnet derives its scientific name from its fondness for hemp seeds and flax seeds–flax being the English name for the plant from which linen is made
    • Common Redpoll breeds somewhat further south than the Arctic redpoll, also in habitats with thickets or shrubs
    • Common Rosefinch scarlet rosefinch is the most widespread and common rosefinch of Asia and Europe
    • Crimson-Browed Finch is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, and Nepal. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and temperate shrubland. This is a large finch with a large short bill. The male has a crimson red head and throat. The female has a yellow head and throat
    • Crossbill is a genus, Loxia, of birds in the finch family, with six species. Adult males tend to be red or orange in colour, and females green or yellow
    • Dark-Rumped Rosefinch is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, and Nepal. Its natural habitats are boreal forests and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland
    • Desert Finch, aka. Lichtenstein’s desert finch, is a large brown true finch found in southern Eurasia. It has an average wingspan of 26 cm
    • Euphoniinae is endemic to the Neotropics
    • Eurasian bullfinch, common bullfinch or bullfinch is a small passerine bird
    • European serin, or just serin, is the smallest European species
    • Eurasian siskin European siskin, common siskin or just siskin. Other names include black-headed goldfinch, barley bird and aberdevine. It is very common throughout Europe and Asia
    • European Goldfinch or simply goldfinch, is native to Europe, North Africa and western Asia. It has been introduced to other areas including Australia, New Zealand and Uruguay. The breeding male has a red face and a black-and-white head
    • European greenfinch
    • Evening Grosbeak is found in North America
    • Fringilla is a small group of finches from the Old World
    • Golden-Naped Finch is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, and Nepal. Its natural habitat is temperate forests
    • Gouldian finch, aka. Lady Gouldian finch, Gould’s finch or the rainbow finch, is a colourful passerine bird native to Australia
    • Grey-Capped Greenfinch or Oriental greenfinch breeds in broadleaf and conifer woodlands of East Asia. It is a medium-sized finch 12.5 to 14 cm in length, with a strong bill and a short slightly forked tail
    • Hawaiian honeycreepers are endemic to Hawaiʻi. They are closely related to the rosefinches
    • Hawfinch breeds across Europe and temperate Asia
    • Hooded siskin is native to South America
    • House Finch is native to western North America
    • Lesser goldfinch
    • Orange Bullfinch is found in India and Pakistan. Its natural habitat is temperate forests
    • Oriole Finch. Its male has a black head, a yellow body, black flight feathers and a stout bright yellow-orange conical bill. The female is a dull greenish-olive but has black flight feathers and a yellow bill
    • Pine Grosbeak is found in coniferous woods across Alaska, the western mountains of the United States, Canada, and in subarctic Fennoscandia and Siberia
    • Pine Siskin is a North American bird. It is a migratory bird with an extremely sporadic winter range
    • Pinicola
    • Plain Mountain Finch is found in Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Tibet, and Turkmenistan. Its natural habitat is temperate grassland and upland forest. It is a resident breeder across the Himalayas
    • PoʻO-Uli, or black-faced honeycreeper, is endemic to the island of Maui in Hawaiʻi. It has a black head, brown upper parts and pale grey underparts
    • Purple Finch is a bird in the finch family, Fringillidae
    • Pyrrhula bullfinches, found in Asia with two species exclusively in the Himalayas and one species, P. pyrrhula, also occurring in Europe
    • Redpolls have red markings on their heads
    • Red Crossbill common crossbill in Eurasia. Crossbills have distinctive mandibles, crossed at the tips, which enable them to extract seeds from conifer cones and other fruits
    • Red Siskin is a small resident breeding bird in tropical South America in northern Colombia and northern Venezuela
    • It is closely related to the greenfinches
    • Rhynchostruthus goldenwinged grosbeaks, they are attractive, chunky, medium-sized, robust-billed songbirds restricted to the southern Arabian and northern Somalian regions
    • Rosefinches have various shades of red in their plumage. The common rosefinch is frequently called the “rosefinch”
    • Serinus is found in Europe and Africa. The birds usually have some yellow in their plumage
    • Scarlet Finch is found in the Himalayas from Uttarakhand state in the Indian Himalayas eastwards across Nepal, stretching further east to the adjacent hills of Northeast India and Southeast Asia as far south as Thailand
    • Siskins and New World Goldfinches
    • Spectacled Finch is found in temperate northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, ranging across Afghanistan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan. Its natural habitat is temperate forests with a lush landscape
    • Twite is a small brown passerine bird which is similar in size and shape to a linnet, at 13 to 13.5 cm long. It lacks the red head patch and breast shown by the linnet and the redpolls. It is brown streaked with black above, and a pink rump
    • Yellow Canary is a resident breeder in much of the western and central regions of southern Africa and has been introduced to Ascension and St Helena islands
    • Yellow-Fronted Canary, aka. Yellow-eyed Canary, is known elsewhere and in aviculture as the green singing finch
    • Zebra Finch is the most common finch of Central Australia, avoiding only the cool moist south and some areas of the tropical far north. It can also be found natively on Timor island. The bird has been introduced to Puerto Rico and Portugal

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