Business Plan of Lorikeet Breeding and Farming

Breed Name: Lovebird
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Aves
Mass:
Rosy-faced lovebird: 55 g
Fischer’s lovebird: 48 g
Lifespan: 10 – 15 years
A lovebird is the common name of Agapornis, a small genus of parrot
Lovebirds live in small flocks and eat fruit, vegetables, grasses, and seeds
Cage Size Required for Housing of Lovebirds:
Single lovebird need minimum cage size of 18″L x 18″W x 18″ H
Pair of lovebirds need minimum cage size of 32″L x 20″W x 24″H or larger
Reproduction in Lovebirds:
The breeding season is January through April and June through July
The pair of lovebirds may mate several times per day
Female lovebird lay 5-12 eggs 12 after mating
Many lay an egg every other day until the clutch is completed
Each clutch usually contains 3-7 eggs
Incubation period is between 21-23 days after which eggs hatch
Feeding & Diet:
Feed the lovebirds 1 tablespoon (14 ml) of pellet food per bird per day
70% of the diet should form part of pellet food, while the other 30% should come from fruits and veggies
Feed the lovebirds at the same time each day
Lovebirds enjoy fruits and vegetables such as apples, carrots, broccoli, cabbage, spinach, banana, papaya and melons
Health, Diseases and Treatment of Lovebirds
Parrots are generally robust birds that live long and happy lives. There are, however, many ailments that can befall them, most of them being like the common cold – briefly debilitating, but soon gone. The key is to get an accurate diagnosis as early as possible and act accordingly on an avian vet’s advice
Aspergillus. This is a fungal infection of parrots’ air sacs and lungs, usually contracted in damp or dirty environments where the fungus can bloom. The symptoms are breathing difficulties, with an audible wheezing, accompanied by fluffed-up feathers and a generally ‘poorly’ appearance. There is sometimes discharge from the nostrils
Avian Gastric Yeast (AGY) infection (Wasting Disease). Aka macrorhabdiosis, or megabacteriosis, is highly contagious infection caused by a mixture of yeast infection and secondary bacterial infection. It affects budgies mainly. The first outward sign is weight loss, as AGY impedes digestion. There will be undigested food in the droppings, and birds may vomit food and mucus
Candida virus (Thrush), or Candidiasis. This is a yeast infection. It blooms in the parrot’s crop or digestive tract, and will not be transmitted to humans via birds unless you allow them to ‘kiss’. Infected birds will be listless and may have loose droppings. Candida is easily treatable
Colds, Sneezes. Parrots can catch colds (although the viruses are different to that which infects humans) , and the symptoms are similar – runny noses, swollen eyes, wheezing and sneezing
Macaw Wasting Syndrome, or Proventricular Dilatation syndrome. This is a viral infection that causes stomach problems, Infected birds will have an increased appetite, but will weight loss and pass undigested food in their droppings. There may be vomiting too, ending in death if not treated. It is not restricted to macaws, but it cannot be transmitted to humans. Prevention via regular and thorough cage cleaning is the best approach, as an infected bird is unlikely to survive
Nutritional Deficiencies: A lack of calcium will lead to Hypocalcaemia. This causes particular problems in female birds if they are laying eggs. An affected bird may become infertile. In order to absorb calcium, the parrot needs a good vitamin supply too – a healthy diet and mineral block should provide all the bird needs
Parrot Fever: This is the worst thing that can strike your aviary. It spreads very quickly, and most of the affected birds will die. The organism responsible is Chlamydophia psittaci, In birds the disease is called ornithosis, and in parrots has the specific name psittacosis. One of the chief problems is that it can survive in the environment in soil or droppings, Keeping a clean cage or bird house is therefore essential, and the best preventative treatment. If infection strikes, disinfecting the environment is necessary – suitable treatments are readily available from vets. An infected bird will have infected droppings up to two weeks before showing signs of illness. Quarantine of any new bird is therefore vital, for at least 45 days
Polyoma. This virus is a major cause for concern in baby parrots, causing a high percentage of deaths. In older birds the virus is treatable with antibiotics. Symptoms in adult birds are intestinal – loose droppings and vomiting. Younger birds will have swollen stomachs, shakiness and feather problems. Polyoma is not transmittable to humans. Birds can be vaccinated against it – far and away the surest prevention
Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease (PBFD). This is an incurable condition caused by Psittacine circovirus. It attacks feathers and cause them to become stunted and deformed. Over time they will drop out. The disease is not life threatening in itself, but can cause the immune system to become depressed, making the bird susceptible to secondary infection. Cockatoos and cockatiels are particularly susceptible. Unfortunately there is still no cure
Sour Crop. The crop is part of a bird’s digestive system, and it can become infected by bacteria or candida yeasts. The symptoms will be a swollen crop area, regurgitation and listlessness
Ulcerative dermatitis. This is a skin complaint due to previous wounds or breakages, diabetes or intestinal parasites. Once the wound is open, bacterial or fungal infections can cause problems. Cleaning and vet-prescribed antibiotics are the cure
Lower Classifications / Breeds of Lovebirds: Eight species are native to the African continent, with the grey-headed lovebird being native to Madagascar:
Black-Cheeked Lovebird is mainly green and has a brown head, red beak, and white eyerings, found in southwest Zambia, where it is vulnerable to habitat loss
Black-Collared Lovebird aka. Swindern’s lovebird is a small, 13.5 cm long, mostly green African parrot with black band on the back of its neck, and a dark greyish-black bill. Both sexes are similar
Black-Winged Lovebird aka. Abyssinian lovebird is mainly a green bird at about 16.5 cm long, it is the largest of the lovebird genus. The adult male is easily identified by its red forehead, and the adult female by its all green head
Fischer’s lovebird were originally discovered in the late 19th century, and were first bred in the United States in 1926. They are named after German explorer Gustav Fischer
Grey-Headed Lovebird or Madagascar lovebird is a small species, mainly a green parrot. The species is sexually dimorphic and only the adult male has grey on its upper body
Lilian’s Lovebird, aka. Nyasa lovebird, is mainly green and has orange on its upper chest and head. It is 13 cm long and is the smallest parrot on mainland Africa. In captivity, it is uncommon and difficult to breed
Red-Headed Lovebird aka. red-faced lovebird is native to Africa
Rosy-Faced Lovebird, aka. rosy-collared or peach-faced lovebird, is native to arid regions in southwestern Africa such as the Namib Desert
Yellow-Collared Lovebird, aka. masked lovebird, Black-masked lovebird or eye ring lovebird, isfound in NE. Tanzania and have been introduced to Burundi and Kenya

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