Beetal Goat Farming for Meat Purposes

Breed Name: Beetal Goat
Country/ Place of Origin: Beetal is a pure Punjabi breed having its origin from Punjab egions of both India and Pakistan
Breed Purpose: Both Meat & Milk
Climate/ Temperature Tolerance: All regions and Climates
Weight of Beetal at 1 Year of Age:
Buck (Male) – 65 kg
Doe (Female) – 45 kg
Beetal Goat Breed Profile Overview:
Beetal Breed of Goats is good for both meat and milk production
On average, a lactating doe can produce around 2.5 kg milk daily
Beetal goats are good for commercial production purpose
Most of the Beetal goats coloured in red or golden brown with white spots.
Their udder is large and developed having big conical teats.
Usually, Beetal goat body is compact and well developed with long legs, pendulous ears and short & thin tail.
Bucks (Male) possess marked beard while does (females) are beardless
Beetal goats are found all over Punjab, but different strains have different concentration in various regions of the province:
Faisalabadi strain (Fig. 3) is mostly found in Faisalabad
Sahiwal, Okara, Lahore, Sheikhupura, Gujranwala, Jhang, Sargodha, Toba Tek Singh and
Khanewal districts.
The Makhi Cheeni strain (Fig. 4) is concentrated in Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar and
Muzafargarh districts. Nuqri strain (Fig. 5.) is mainly found in Dera Ghazi Khan, Rajanpur
and Bahawalpur districts.
Gujrati strain (Fig. 6) is found in districts of Gujrat, Sargodha, Mandi Bahauddin, Jhelum
and Sialkot. The Nagri color is available in Faisalabad, Okara, Sahiwal and Pakpattan
districts (Fig. 7) and seems to have been mixed with RY Khan strain (Fig. 8) at some
places yet, separate herds are also available in Faisalabad and Pakpattan districts
Beetals’ horns are generally small and polledness is also common.
Multiple births are also common.
Beetal goats are tall in stature, (much taller than the Teddy goats, but
may not be taller than the Nachis). Taller does are preferred and generally leggy animals are not preferred. Overall, farmers prefer animals with balanced height and body length.
Body Height & Weight. Adult body weight in breeding animals varies between 30 and 120 kg. Does averaged 60 kg and bucks 100 kg in a recent Nuqri goat show (average data from 58 animals); same averages were true for RY Khan strain. Body length (diagonal) averages 80cm. Bucks have 10cm higher averages than those of does. These averages are similar to the averages of Nachi and DDP breeds. Height (at shoulders) in Beetals average 90cm for does and 105-110 cm in bucks. The fattened males of Beetal can grow up to (and even beyond) 230 kg.
Beetal goats are hard ones can adopt any agro-climatic conditions.
When it comes to size, Beetal goats are big and long sized but second to Jamunapari goat breed
Coat Colours of Beetal
Colour of Coat is different for various beetal breeds according to their origin/ region:
Faisalabadi/ Lyallpuri strain (also called Desi in central Punjab) is black and white spotted
Nagri is dark brown with lacing of black or very dark brown color (called ‘loha’ color). Pinkish muzzle (instead of blackish/greyish) and ears are preferred and that is why sometimes it is called ‘ghulabi’ meaning pinkish breed. Aka. Rajanpuri or Nuqri strain because of its main concentration in Rajanpur District.
Makhi-Cheeni (Makhi means fly and Cheeni means admixture of two or more colors) strain primarily has light background with light or dark brown splashing.
Ligh colored animal are called ‘Phikki’-Cheeni and dark colored animals as ‘Ratti’-Cheeni. If brown is replaced with black, name is ‘Kali’-Cheeni
Other variants of black, brown and white combinations also exist in Beetals. Dark and light brown spotting for example, is called ‘Shaira’ color
Reproduction & Breeding Facts of Beetal
Reproduction/ Breeding Age:
Male – 12-15 months
Female – 20-22 months
Puberty is reached when the female exhibits her first heat (estrus) and ovulation
Estrus, or heat, is the period in which the doe will stand and allow the buck to breed her. This phase of the reproductive cycle may last between 12 to 36 hours
The period from one heat cycle to the next is referred to as the estrous cycle. In goats, the estrous cycle occurs every 18 to 24 days, or 21 days on average
Litter Size: 2 babies a year
Gestation Period : 151+ 3 days
Beetal Goat should not be mated until it is one year old.
It is better to breed the female once a year. Some goats can be made to kid twice in 18 months 
The number of does a buck can breed during the breeding season is often referred to as “Buck Power”
At 1 year of age, the buck should service no more than 10 does at a time (in one month)
When he is 2 years old, he should be able to service 25 does at a time
At the age of 3 and older, he can breed up to 40 does at one time, as long as his health and nutritional needs are met
Day length has an effect on reproduction in the buck and the doe. Bucks have the highest libido (sex drive), fertility, and semen quality and volume in late summer and fall, the same time that of the doe
Daily Feed Requirements of Beetal
The success of goat farming depends on food management. For this reason, a farmer should know goat food management and how to manage it. Basically goat food management means providing food for the proper and desired growth in different ages and in different seasons. Besides, the natural food goats also need vitamins, energy, protein etc. Imbalance of vitamins, minerals may be a cause of great harm. For this reason a farmer should know a well thought and scientific feeding system of goat
Pasture & Browsing. The most efficient source of nutrients which is urgent for goat is pasture and browse. Pasture contains a high amount of energy and protein. Pasture plants also increase the tastiness and digestibility. Bahia grass, Sudan grass, millet, a mixture of a grain grass, sorghum, grass and clover are the most pasture of goats. Browse that helps to be advanced in protein than general pasture during the early part of grazing season. If goats browse freely, they will remain free from internal parasites
Hay. The most important source of nutrition, especially in winters is hay. Goat should feed qualified grass based hay that does not contain mold. Weedy hay is so beneficial because it is not only cheap, but also containing a large amount of nutrition. Different kinds of hays are found, among those legume hays alfalfa, lespedeza and clover are enriched in protein
Minerals & Vitamins. Goats need a lot of minerals. Salt, phosphorus and calcium contain minerals which is useful for goats. Farmer should provide a pre-mix of loose minerals that goats prefer so much. Goats don’t need a lot of vitamins. Goats need vitamins A, D and E
Grain Food. Essentially, 12%_16% course grain of grains for goats may be managed if other source of food is not available.. To increase the growth weight farmer should provide creep feeding and complementary feeding of kids to goat. Grain gives two elements which are Carbons and protein. Corn, rye, moil, oats, barley, corn are known as cereal grains that provide Carbons or energy. Protein supplements originate from animals and plants that include soybean meal, fish meal, cottons meal etc
Kitchen& Garden Scrap. Generally garden and kitchen scraps are used in compositors’ purpose. But this compost can be used as goat feed because it acts as an onion ends good diet of goat. Orange peels, banana peels, Garlic skins, tomato ends, etc that means all kinds of vegetable and fruits cuttings are regarded as garden and kitchen scraps. Goats do not eat only one thing that is egg shells. For this reasons it should not be given to goats. Egg shells can be given to chicken to eat. Goats also love to eat these scarps and it is a good nutritional supplement to their diets. There is no reason to be worried to give to eat goats. It does not harm goats
Avoid following while feeding Goats:
Paper
Cat Food
Dog Feed
Essential Feeding Principles:
Farmer should concern about good bodily condition of every goat in the herd so that no goat become too thin and too fat.
Goat feed must be stored in safe place before feeding.
Make sure that stored feed is protected from vermin, damp, contamination.
Provided food must be hygienic and it should be presented in a hygienic way so that every goat can share it.
The most important part of diet is good hay.
Make ensure that half of the diet is coming from forage.
Adequate green feed, vitamins, concentrates, minerals, water, balanced diet is the key to success of a goat farming.
Any change of feed habit must be occurred gradually.
Availability of pure drinking water is inevitable for goats.
To ensure feed for all goats, make a notice and routine so that no goat abstains from taking feed.
Farmer must keep contaminated feed and water away from goats.

Common Beetal Goat Diseases
Sore mouth, aka Orf: This is a contagious viral infection where blisters form in the goats’ mouth and nose. This can be passed to humans so use care and cleanliness when handling! Sore mouth heals in a few weeks, although the scabs from the blisters can be contagious for years
Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE): CAE is incurable, contagious, and devastating to goat herds. It is similar to the human AIDS virus and compromises goats’ immune systems
G-6-S: This is a genetic defect that affects Nubian goats and Nubian crosses. Kids with this defect will fail to thrive and die young. Only some breeders test for this and will sell their goats as G-6-S Normal
Caseous Lymphadenitis (CL): This is a chronic, contagious disease that is also called “abscesses.” Pus-filled infections, or abscesses, form around goats’ lymph nodes. When the abscesses burst, the pus can infect other goats
Urinary calculi: Mineral stones can sometimes form in the goat’s urethra. It can occur in males or females, but in males, it is a problem. These stones can result from a diet imbalance, so consult with your vet if you experience these in your herd. You may need to adjust your calcium to phosphorus ratio
Coccidiosis: A parasite that most goats have, young kids are susceptible to getting diarrhea (sometimes bloody) from it, as well as rough coats and general ill health. Albion is often used to treat it, and some farmers feed a coccidiostat as a preventative
Pink eye: Exactly what it sounds like, goats can get pink eye too. The same rules as humans apply: keep the sick goat away from the rest of the herd, wash your hands well after handling a goat with pink eye, and treat it
Enterotoxemia: This is caused by a bacterial imbalance in the goat’s rumen. It can result from sudden feed changes, overfeeding, sickness, or anything that causes a digestive upset. Enterotoxemia can kill a goat, so make sure to vaccinate your herd against this and have the treatment—CD antitoxin— on hand for emergencies
Goat Vaccines
CL Bacterin Vaccine
Vision CD-T with Spur
Pasteurella (Pneumonia) Vaccine
Bar Vac CD/T
Ovine Ecthyma Vaccine – 100 Dose
Essential 3 + T
Tetanus Toxoid
Clostridium Perfringens Types C & D Antitoxin

Goat Meat Farming of Beetal

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