African Grey Parrot (AGP)

Breed profile

  • Breed Name: African Grey Parrot (AGP)
  • Scientific Name: Psittacus erithacus
  • Other Names: Grey Parrot, Grey Parakeet, Congo Grey Parrot,Congo African Grey Parrot, Timneh Parrot
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Lifespan: 40 – 60 years (In captivity)
  • Mass: 410 g
  • The grey parrot is native to equatorial Africa, including Angola, Cameroon, the Congo, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Kenya, and Uganda
  • The Timneh African grey is found in a smaller region along the western edge of the Ivory Coast and through southern Guinea
  • At night, African grey parrots roost together in groups; it is common to see over 100 birds perched in one tree
  • AGPs are highly intelligent to a level of a 4- to 6-year-old child. That is why they are known as “The Einsteins of the Bird World.”
  • They can learn number sequences and can associate human voices with those humans’ faces
  • Has ability to learn over 100 words, differentiating between objects, colours, materials, and shapes

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Reproduction and Breeding of AGP

  • AGPs are monogamous breeders and nest in tree cavities
  • Each couple nest separately in their own tree
  • Female lays 3-5 eggs
  • Female incubates the eggs for 30 days while her partner feed her
  • Both parents help take care of the chicks until they can go off on their own
  • The parents take care of them until 4-5 weeks after they are fledged
  • Young leave the nest at the age of 12 weeks
  • They weigh 12–14 g (0.42–0.49 oz) at hatching and 372–526 g (13.1–18.6 oz) when they leave their parents

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Daily Feeding and Diet

  • Most of their diet consists of fruit, nuts, and seeds
  • They prefer oil palm fruit and also eat flowers and tree bark, as well as insects and snails
  • In the wild, they are partly a ground feeder
  • In captivity, it can eat bird pellets, a variety of fruits such as pear, orange, pomegranate, apple, and banana, and vegetables such as carrot, cooked sweet potato, celery, fresh kale, peas, and green beans
  • They also need a source of calcium
  • African greys need plenty of toys that challenge their intelligence, such as foraging and puzzle toys
  • AGPs are susceptible to deficiency in vitamin-A/beta-carotene, and therefore benefit from eating vegetables high in beta-carotene, such as cooked sweet potato and fresh kale
  • Vitamin-D deficiency is another concern, especially for greys on a poor diet. Offering a balanced, pelleted diet, such as “Grey Parrots Premium Diet” by Nadia Pets Cross, for the main diet of an African grey helps prevent vitamin and mineral deficiencies. A grey that consumes a pelleted diet generally does not need vitamin supplements added to its food
  • “Grey Parrots Premium Diet” by Nadia Pets Cross are perfect food for AGPS. It provides a complete food which blends a balance of grains, seeds, and other nutrients in the shape of a berry, best for foraging. Because the grains and seeds are mostly whole and formed into a berry shape, it encourages African greys to hold, nibble, and even play with the pelletted berries

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